History Of Tamil Language And Literature Pdf
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- Tamil literature
- RENAISSANCE OF TAMIL LITERATURE DURING THE JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION IN MADRAS PRESIDENCY (1920-1937)
- The Ins and Outs of the Jains in Tamil Literary Histories
Today, people are more concerned with the future than with monuments of the past and are prepared for drastic changes. They have come to know that our societies are multifaceted and never stable, and that our excellence will, in competition in the new world order, be measured against international standards through international networks that imply new communication technology. If only to survive, we must become interactive and international, and internet or e-mail addicts; and the next international Tamil Conference-Seminar may be on the net. The ceremonies which accompanied the consecration in A.
Tamils - a Trans State Nation.. Life's good comes not from others' gift, nor ill Man's pains and pains' relief are from within. Thus have we seen in visions of the wise!. Preface by Professor T. It reveals the commingling of cultures comparable to that of a garland of flowers of many hue. In spite of the fusion of cultures everyone could perceive the distinctive features of the Tamil language and literature and enjoy their beauty, which form the basis of the Dravidian culture. The literary world knows the uniqueness of the Cankam classics.
RENAISSANCE OF TAMIL LITERATURE DURING THE JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION IN MADRAS PRESIDENCY (1920-1937)
Vasu Renganathan, Ph. Education: Ph. Linguistics, Annamalai University, India Title: Case system in Modern Tamil. Cognate areas : Indian social history with a special reference to pre-colonial and post-colonial developments.
Tamil literature has a rich and long literary tradition spanning more than two thousand years. The oldest extant works show signs of maturity indicating an even longer period of evolution. The history of Tamil literature follows the history of Tamil Nadu , closely following the social, political and cultural trends of various periods. The early Sangam literature , dated before BCE, contain anthologies of various poets dealing with many aspects of life, including love, war, social values and religion. From the 6th to 12th century CE, the Tamil devotional poems written by Nayanmars sages of Shaivism and Alvars sages of Vaishnavism , heralded the great Bhakti movement which later engulfed the entire Indian subcontinent. It is during this era that some of the grandest of Tamil literary classics like Kambaramayanam and Periya Puranam were authored and many poets were patronized by the imperial Chola and Pandya empires.
The Jains and their texts play a key role in the literary histories of the Tamil-speaking region. However, in their modern form, dating from to the present, these histories have been written almost exclusively by non-Jains. This essay builds on ideas articulated by the contemporary Tamil theorist K. Civatampi, examining how various models of periodization have frozen the Jains in the ancient past. Further, it will explore how this unfolding historical drama, which gloriously climaxes in Tamil literature, has attributed the Jains, as dramatis personae , merely a role in early Jain texts; their role as communities transmitting these texts has been ignored. In contrast to this typical pattern, this article will also introduce a literary history written in by the Jain A.
Under this situation, the Tamil language and literature alone constitute the sources of material for reconstruction of pre-Christian and pre-Aryan history of Tamil.
The Ins and Outs of the Jains in Tamil Literary Histories
Tamil language , member of the Dravidian language family, spoken primarily in India. It is the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the union territory of Puducherry Pondicherry. In Tamil was declared a classical language of India, meaning that it met three criteria: its origins are ancient; it has an independent tradition; and it possesses a considerable body of ancient literature. In the early 21st century more than 66 million people were Tamil speakers.
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Затем он быстро побежит в заднюю часть собора, словно бы за помощью, и в возникшей неразберихе исчезнет прежде, чем люди поймут, что произошло. Пять человек. Четверо. Всего трое. Халохот стиснул револьвер в руке, не вынимая из кармана. Он будет стрелять с бедра, направляя дуло вверх, в спину Беккера. Пуля пробьет либо позвоночник, либо легкие, а затем сердце.
Лейтенант глубоко затянулся.