Work Study And Method Study Pdf
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Search How to Titles Subjects Organizations. Work study Work study is a combination of two groups of techniques, method study and work measurement, which are used to examine people's work and indicate the factors which affect efficiency. Work study is normally used in an attempt to increase output from a given quantity of resources with little or no further capital investment.
Work Study Volume 16 Issue 1
After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Work Study 2. Definition and Concept of Work Study 3. Need 4. Techniques 5. Work study is the investigation, by means of a consistent system of the work done in an organization in order to attain the best utilisation of resources i.
Materials, Machines, Men and Money. All the technologies and management systems are related with productivity. Work study is one of the basic techniques of improving productivity. In order to resolve this aspect, work study aims:. In nutshell work study is mainly concerned with the examination of human work.
In fact planning is not possible unless one knows how long it will take to do a particular job. Thus time is very important to the manufacturer who must keep to promise, to estimate quantities and to other industrial and business arrangements or organizations. Work study is not a theoretical concept but essentially a practical one and deals with human beings who have their own attitude and style of working.
Work study involves lot of changes in various working methods. Generally work study is used to describe a complete set of techniques with the help of which work can be simplified, standardized and measured. These advantages are possible through the willing cooperation of the people engaged in production work.
In view of these far reaching benefits, work study has become an important tool of management. Thus work study is the investigation by means of a consistent system of the work done in an organization in order to achieve the best possible utilization of resources i. Every organization tries to achieve best quality production of various products in the minimum possible time.
One phase of work study called Method Study or Motion Study aims at determining the best possible manufacturing procedure which involves least time and cause minimum fatigue to workers employed for performing the work. In short method study is concerned with determination of the best way of doing a job. Method study may be defined as the systematic investigation of the existing method of doing a job in order to develop and install an easy, quick, effective, efficient and comparatively less tiring method or procedure for doing the same job at cheaper rates.
This is generally achieved by eliminating unnecessary movements or motions involved in a certain procedure or by changing the sequence of the operation of the process itself.
The role of time study or work measurement starts with the determination of the time allowed to complete the job by the developed improved procedure for doing that job.
Thus work measurement may be defined as the application of different techniques to measure and establish the time required to complete the job by a qualified worker at a defined level of performance. Principles of work study have been used since long to identify the improvements to be incorporated, when industrial set up was simple and involved lesser problems.
The industries of today with increased complexities and modernisation naturally demand a more systematic approach like work study in its present form for solution of various problems. Thus the part played by opinions in taking decisions is minimized.
Thus work study is the term used to embrace the techniques of Method Study and Work Measurement which are used to ensure the best utilization of manpower and material resources in carrying out specified activity. The sequential order of the correct procedure to be adopted for having effective or purpose oriented results of method study include the following:. Similarly, the logical order of correct procedure to be adopted for having effective results of work measurement includes the followings:.
Effective planning and control of production, distribution and administration can not be achieved unless these are based on facts. One of the most important of these facts is the time required for job completion which can be obtained by motion study or work measurement. Industry , Industrial Engineering , Work Study. Method Design: Elements and Guidelines Industries. Relationship between Plant Layout and Material Handling.
THE contents of this issue incline very much towards the sphere of building and construction. There is a particular reason for this. The Advisory Service for the Building Industry, under its new director, Edwin Wilde, has organized a seminar for directors and chief executives of leading firms in that industry. For two days, on 9 and 10 January, they will be subjected to an intensive educational course in work study from experts. Report bugs here. Please share your general feedback. You can join in the discussion by joining the community or logging in here.
Work Study: Definition, Role and Objectives
Work study is further classified into method study and work measurement. Work study uses techniques like method study and work measurement to understand human work potential in terms of time spend on completing a task, looking at ways to make the task simpler and easy, as to increase productivity and efficiency. Two fundamental approached in work study namely method study and work measurement offer a systematic and organized steps in the research studies. So it is the process of analyzing the methods involved in work flow to increase productivity. Taylor .