Parts Of Fluorescent Lamp And Its Function Pdf

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WORKING MODELING OF FLUORESCENT LAMPS USING VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTATION

By: Walter Curtis. You might consider replacing some of your old incandescent fixtures with fluorescent lamps. Fluorescent light provides even and shadow-free illumination, but, best of all, fluorescent bulbs are more efficient than incandescent bulbs. In an incandescent bulb, much of the electric power is discharged as heat instead of light. The fluorescent bulb, in contrast, remains cool.

How does a fluorescent lamp work? In a fluorescent circuit, beginning at the left-hand prong of the plug, current goes through the ballast, through one of the lamp filaments, through the closed switch in the starter, through the other filament in the lamp, and out the right-hand prong of the plug.

The current heats the two small elements in the ends of the fluorescent tube; then the starter opens and current flows through the lamp. The ballast is a magnetic coil that adjusts the current through the tube. It makes a surge of current arc through the tube when the starter opens, and then it keeps the current flowing at the right rate once the tube is glowing. In most fluorescent fixtures, the starter is an automatic switch. Once it senses that the lamp is glowing, it stays open.

The starter closes whenever you deenergize the fixture. Many fluorescent fixtures have more than one tube in order to provide more light.

These lamps must have individual starters and ballasts for each tube. The fixture may appear to have two tubes working off one ballast, but actually there are two ballasts built into one case. Fixtures with four tubes, similarly, have four starters and four ballasts.

In some kinds of fixtures, the starters are built in and cannot be individually replaced. Since there are only three primary parts in a fluorescent lamp, you can usually take care of any repairs yourself. All fluorescent lamps grow dimmer with age, and they may even begin to flicker or flash on and off.

These are warning signals, and you should make the necessary repairs as soon as you notice any change in the lamp's normal performance. A dim tube usually requires replacement, and failure to replace it can strain other parts of the fixture. Likewise, repeated flickering or flashing will wear out the starter, causing the insulation at the starter to deteriorate.

Fluorescent fixtures can be serviced quite simply by the replacement method. If you suspect that a part may be defective, replace the part with a new one.

Start with the fluorescent tube or bulb. You can either install a new one or, if you're not sure the tube is burned out, test the old tube in another fluorescent fixture.

Remove the old tube by twisting it out of its sockets in the fixture. Install the new tube the same way -- insert the tube's prongs into the socket and twist the tube to lock it into place. If the problem is not in the tube, try changing the starter. Fluorescent lamp starters are rated by wattage, and it's important you use the right starter for the tube in your fixture.

Remove the old starter the same way you removed the old tube, by twisting it out of its socket in the fixture. Install a new one by inserting it into the socket and twisting it to lock it into place.

The ballast is also rated according to wattage, and a replacement ballast -- like a replacement starter -- must match the wattage of the tube and the type of fixture. The ballast is the least likely part to fail and most difficult to replace, so leave the ballast for last when you start replacing parts. If neither the tube nor the starter is defective, the problem must be the ballast. To replace a faulty ballast, deenergize the circuit, disassemble the fixture, transfer wires from the old ballast to the new one -- one at a time, to avoid an incorrect connection -- and, finally, reassemble the.

If the tube, the starter, and the ballast are all working properly but the lamp still doesn't light, check for a defective switch. If the lamp is controlled by a wall switch, replace the switch, as detailed in the next section.

If the lamp has a push-button switch, the old switch can be replaced by a new one of the same type. To deenergize the circuit before working on the switch, remove the circuit's fuse or trip the circuit breaker. In most cases, the switch screws into a threaded mounting nut on the inside of the lamp. Two wires from the switch are connected, usually with wirenuts, to four wires from the fluorescent tube. Disassemble the fixture as far as necessary to gain access to the back of the switch, then screw in the new switch and transfer wires from the old switch to the new one, one at a time to avoid an incorrect connection.

Reassemble the fixture, and reenergize the circuit. On the next page, we'll discuss the steps you'll need to take to install a new fluorescent fixture.

Fluorescent lights can malfunction for many reasons, such as defective startes, incorrect wiring, or a bad ballast.

Click here for a guide to troubleshooting fluorescent fixtures. If you're considering installing a new ballast or a new switch, consider putting in an entirely new fixture. An old fluorescent fixture suffers the same aging effects that an incandescent fixture does. Of course, you can also replace an old incandescent lamp with a new fluorescent model. Either replacement is well within the capabilities of the do-it-yourselfer. Step 4: Position fixture against ceiling, and fasten it with screws packaged with new lamp.

You may have to reassemble fixture, either before or after mounting it, depending on its style. Restore power. Fluorescent lamps are a great lighting option for your home. And now you can take full advantage of this light source. Home Improvement. Home DIY. Home Repairs. How to Install a Fluorescent Light.

A fluorescent fixture has three main parts -- the bulb, ballast, and starter. When one of these components malfunctions, replacement is usually the answer. To install a new fluorescent tube, insert the tube's prongs into the holder and twist the tube to lock it into place. Change the tube when it dims, flickers, or flashes on and off.

To install a starter in afluorescent fixture, simplyinsert the starter and twist it to secure it in its socket. Fluorescent Light Fixes.

Installing a New Fluorescent Fixture If you're considering installing a new ballast or a new switch, consider putting in an entirely new fixture. Here are the steps to take when installing a fluorescent fixture: Advertisement. What You'll Need. Screwdriver Wire stripper with cutting blade Wirenuts or solderless connectors Replacement fluorescent fixture. Read More. Cite This!

Fluorescent lamp

The Fluorescent Lamp. The greatest development in lighting since the incandescent History first commercially available - Today. How They Work. Fluorescents are a large family of light sources. There are three main types of fluorescent lamps: cold cathode , hot cathode , and electroluminescent.

A fluorescent lamp , or fluorescent tube , is a low-pressure mercury-vapor gas-discharge lamp that uses fluorescence to produce visible light. An electric current in the gas excites mercury vapor, which produces short-wave ultraviolet light that then causes a phosphor coating on the inside of the lamp to glow. A fluorescent lamp converts electrical energy into useful light much more efficiently than incandescent lamps. The typical luminous efficacy of fluorescent lighting systems is 50— lumens per watt, several times the efficacy of incandescent bulbs with comparable light output. Fluorescent lamp fixtures are more costly than incandescent lamps because they require a ballast to regulate the current through the lamp, but the lower energy cost typically offsets the higher initial cost. Compact fluorescent lamps are now available in the same popular sizes as incandescents and are used as an energy-saving alternative in homes. Because they contain mercury, many fluorescent lamps are classified as hazardous waste.


Print and PDF copies are available to the public for purchase. The online Overview. This guide covers fluorescent lamps, including compact fluorescent bulbs, ballasts and tubes Include type, quantity, function and energy usage well as other metals, glass, etc. as part of its obligations on the WEEE [Waste Electrical.


Fluorescent lamp

By: Walter Curtis. You might consider replacing some of your old incandescent fixtures with fluorescent lamps. Fluorescent light provides even and shadow-free illumination, but, best of all, fluorescent bulbs are more efficient than incandescent bulbs. In an incandescent bulb, much of the electric power is discharged as heat instead of light.

Человек, попытавшийся ее удержать, выглядел растерянным и напуганным, такого лица у него она не видела. - Сьюзан, - умоляюще произнес Стратмор, не выпуская ее из рук.

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Вздохнув, она просунула руку в углубление с цифровым замком и ввела свой личный код из пяти цифр. Через несколько секунд двенадцатитонная стальная махина начала поворачиваться. Она попыталась собраться с мыслями, но они упрямо возвращали ее к. Дэвид Беккер. Единственный мужчина, которого она любила.

Первая попытка закончилась неудачей. Нахмурившись, Беккер набрал второй номер. И на другом конце сразу же сняли трубку. - Buenas noches, Mujeres Espana. Чем могу служить. Беккер держался той же версии: он - немецкий турист, готовый заплатить хорошие деньги за рыжеволосую, которую сегодня нанял его брат.

 Да, сэр. У нас все это записано на пленку, и если вы хотите… - Исчезает фильтр Х-одиннадцать! - послышался возглас техника.  - Червь преодолел уже половину пути. - Забудьте про пленку, - сказал Бринкерхофф.  - Вводите ключ и кончайте со всем. Джабба вздохнул. На сей раз голос его прозвучал с несвойственным ему спокойствием: - Директор, если мы введем неверный ключ… - Верно, - прервала его Сьюзан.

How to Install a Fluorescent Light

Кто-то должен иметь возможность оценивать и отделять одно от другого. В этом и заключается наша работа. Это наш долг.

Из задумчивости Стратмора вывел звонок мобильного телефона, едва слышный в завывании сирен и свисте пара. Не останавливаясь, он отстегнул телефон от брючного ремня. - Говорите. - Где мой ключ? - прозвучал знакомый голос. - Кто со мной говорит? - крикнул Стратмор, стараясь перекрыть шум.

Сьюзан не любила бывать в шифровалке в неурочные часы, поскольку в таких случаях неизменно чувствовала себя запертой в клетке с гигантским зверем из научно-фантастического романа. Она ускорила шаги, чтобы побыстрее оказаться в кабинете шефа. К рабочему кабинету Стратмора, именуемому аквариумом из-за стеклянных стен, вела узкая лестница, поднимавшаяся по задней стене шифровалки. Взбираясь по решетчатым ступенькам, Сьюзан смотрела на массивную дубовую дверь кабинета, украшенную эмблемой АНБ, на которой был изображен могучий орел, терзающий когтями старинную отмычку.

 - Грег, тебе придется придумать что-нибудь получше. Между шифровалкой и стоянкой для машин не менее дюжины вооруженных охранников. - Я не такой дурак, как вы думаете, - бросил Хейл.  - Я воспользуюсь вашим лифтом. Сьюзан пойдет со .

Сьюзан покачала головой. - Такие перестановки - стандартный прием. Танкадо знал, что вы испробуете различные варианты, пока не наткнетесь на что-нибудь подходящее.

Сердце ее готово было выскочить из груди. Было видно, что Хейл ей не поверил. - Может быть, хочешь воды.

Девушка наконец нашла то, что искала, - газовый баллончик для самозащиты, экологически чистый аналог газа мейс, сделанный из острейшего кайенского перца и чили. Одним быстрым движением она выпрямилась, выпустила струю прямо в лицо Беккеру, после чего схватила сумку и побежала к двери. Когда она оглянулась, Дэвид Беккер лежал на полу, прижимая ладони к лицу и корчась от нестерпимого жжения в глазах. ГЛАВА 71 Токуген Нуматака закурил уже четвертую сигару и принялся мерить шагами кабинет, потом схватил телефонную трубку и позвонил на коммутатор. - Есть какие-нибудь сведения о номере? - выпалил он, прежде чем телефонистка успела сказать алло.

Ему сказали, что бортовой телефон вышел из строя, поэтому позвонить Сьюзан не удастся. - Что я здесь делаю? - пробормотал. Ответ был очень простым: есть люди, которым не принято отвечать. - Мистер Беккер, - возвестил громкоговоритель.  - Мы прибываем через полчаса.

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    PDF | Fluorescent lighting system is commonly used as an electric light Parts of Non-functional Fluorescent Lamps extend its lifespan.

  4. Honore M. 06.05.2021 at 01:25

    The fluorescent lamp is a new type of light source which produces white or The lamp consists, in its present form, of a tubular bulb with two external quality of the parts. mended without reservations, but for this purpose it is undoubtedly.

  5. Paul C. 08.05.2021 at 13:43

    the function that the black box provides to the fluorescent stabilise its operation. Ballast's for tube fluorescent lamps are attached correction components.