Inequality And Heterogeneity A Primitive Theory Of Social Structure Pdf

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A micro-macro linkage in the measurement of inequality: Another look at the Gini coefficient

Metrics details. Also, the tenure heterogeneity and functional experience heterogeneity of the top management team are inversely related to firm performance. This paper analyzes and discusses the findings in detail and points out areas for future research. Allison P Measures of inequality. American Sociological Review, 43 : —

By Peter M. New York: Free Press , Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account.

Francine D. Blau - Media Page. Media Authored or Edited by this affiliate. Media Catalog Page:. Even after controlling for racial differences in income and other demographic factors, as much as three quarters of the wealth gap remains unexplained.

Lessons and current Challenges for Urban Sociologists. A Conversation with Robert J. Sampson

Born in Vienna, Austria , he immigrated to the United States in He completed his PhD doctoral thesis with Robert K. Merton at Columbia University in , laying an early theory for the dynamics of bureaucracy. The next year, he was offered a professorship at the University of Chicago , where he taught from to In he returned to Columbia University, where he was awarded the lifetime position of Professor Emeritus. From to he taught as the Robert Broughton Distinguished Research Professor at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill in the same department as his wife, Judith Blau , while continuing to commute to New York to meet with graduate students and colleagues. His sociological specialty was in organizational and social structures.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. His major contributions were to the study of macrosocial structure—analyzing the large-scale systems of organizations, social classes, and the dimensions around which societies are structured. At the same time he was the author of an enduringly influential microsociological study of exchange relations. He was one of the founders of the field of organizational sociology and the coauthor of a highly influential study of the American occupational structure that transformed the study of social inequality and mobility. His contributions to conceptualizing and measuring the parameters of societal systems continue to inspire and guide current theory and research.

Using data for cities, we test a model of the determinants of interracial homicide that is informed by both Blau's macrostructural theory and elements of the general criminal opportunity perspective. Consistent with Blau's theory, in a multivariate analysis the relative frequency of interracial homicide is positively related to racial heterogeneity, population size, and population density, and inversely related to racial residential segregation and racial socioeconomic inequality. We also find that the level of employment is positively related to the rate of interracial homicide. This result is consistent with the hypothesis, derived from routine activities theory, that the dispersion of activities away from primary group locations and toward more racially heterogeneous settings increases the volume of intergroup contacts. Overall, our analyses reveal that a macrostructural-opportunity perspective offers considerable insight into the determinants of intercity variation in the racial patterning of homicide. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Bensing, Robert C.

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The comprehensive method of sociological deconstruction and reconstruction seamlessly integrates qualitative and quantitative methods in sociology as well as concept formation and research. I would like to thank two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on a draft version of this paper. Smikun, E.

Blau, P. New York: Free Press. Coleman, J.

Interracial homicide: A macrostructural-opportunity perspective

The aim of this paper is to help readers understand the significance of the Gini coefficient. We have two major formulae for the Gini coefficient. One of the formulae bases on the idea of aggregation of the microscopic differences between individuals' incomes or wealth. The idea that underlies the other formula is macroscopic presentation of distribution or concentration of income or wealth. We will show an unabridged proof of the equivalence between these formulae to examine how the two conceptions of the measurement of inequality are linked to each other. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Blau, P. Inequality and heterogeneity: a primitive theory of social structure. New York: Free Press. Blau, Peter M. New York: Free Press, My Account.

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