Veterinary Drugs And Their Uses Pdf
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As Kenya and East Africa in general has a very low population of trained veterinarians, farmers need to learn to deal with emergencies that happen when the vet is not around.
- Veterinary Drugs
- Use of veterinary drugs in intensive animal production
- Veterinary medicines for livestock
Veterinary drugs are used to cure and prevent diseases in animals, including animals used for food production. Veterinary drugs are given to animals via feed or drinking water, or by injection. The use of veterinary drugs may result in residues of these drugs in animal products like milk, eggs and meat.
Veterinary Drug Index. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Rajesh Singh August 21, 0.
Veterinary drugs are used to cure and prevent diseases in animals, including animals used for food production. Veterinary drugs are given to animals via feed or drinking water, or by injection.
The use of veterinary drugs may result in residues of these drugs in animal products like milk, eggs and meat. A lot of countries have established legal limits for residues of veterinary drugs in food. According to the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures SPM and Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade food safety standards for veterinary drug residues established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission are the reference points in international trade.
Thus far, Codex established MRLs for about 50 veterinary drugs. Once accepted member states of Codex are expected to implement these MRLs in national or community law. Deviations from Codex MRLs are possible but have to be substantiated with scientific proof of risk.
Only veterinary drugs containing pharmacologically active substances for which MRLs have been set or for which the conclusion was that no MRL is required are allowed to be authorized by EU member states for use in food producing animals, and then only for use in those species for which MRLs were set.
MRLs are established only for those food producing animals for which an application is made. An example of a group of substances included in Table 2 is the genotoxic nitrofurans. Substances on Table 2 are forbidden to be used in food producing animals in the EU, and residues of these substances should be absent in food products derived from all food producing animals. These substances are:. Go directly to: Content Search box Breadcrumb. Regional MRLs and legislation for veterinary drug residues In the section below, you will be able to find links to information on regional MRL setting or legislation.
The list will be extended in course of time. Missing species in the list of MRLs in Table 1 MRLs are established only for those food producing animals for which an application is made. Twitter Whatsapp Linkedin Email.
Use of veterinary drugs in intensive animal production
This article lists veterinary pharmaceutical drugs alphabetically by name. Many veterinary drugs have more than one name and, therefore, the same drug may be listed more than once. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources. Categories : Drug-related lists Veterinary drugs Veterinary medicine.
Veterinary drugs are widely used in animal production and possibly reach soil and water through the excreta. There is only limited information concerning the environmental persistence of these substances. It was therefore the objective of the present study to investigate the excretion patterns of tetracycline hydrochloride in pigs after oral application and to study the stability of tetracycline in pig slurry under different storage conditions. Methods 6 individually kept pigs were orally treated with two doses of tetracycline for 5 days and pooled excreta were regularly sampled. Tetracycline and its epimer 4-epi-tetracycline were detected using HPLC. Individual animals continued to excrete tetracyclines over a longer period of time.
Although many drugs may be used legally in both human and animal patients, certain drugs have unique human toxicities and are approved for use only in non-human species. In some cases, these drugs were approved initially for use in humans but withdrawn after serious adverse effects emerged. In other cases, these drugs were identified as toxic to humans early in development and never approved for human use. Given that pharmacists are the only health care professionals expected by society to provide pharmaceutical care for all species, it is highly likely that pharmacists will encounter prescriptions for veterinary-only medications. Accordingly, it is critically important that pharmacists possess a working knowledge of the names, mechanisms of action, indications, dosing, adverse effects, safety profiles, and counseling points for drugs that may belong to similar therapeutic classes as those used in humans but may cause serious adverse effects if dispensed to a human accidentally. Even more important, because medication administration to animals by necessity involves a human, pharmacists must be able to advise human caregivers about possible risks from veterinary drugs.
The World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) treatment of pain including protocols with different drug availability pdf.
Veterinary medicines for livestock
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