Christopher Columbus And The Afrikan Holocaust Slavery And The Rise Of European Capitalism Pdf
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- John Henrik Clarke
- Christopher Columbus (African Holocaust)
- Christopher Columbus and the Afrikan Holocaust: Slavery and the Rise of European Capitalism
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John Henrik Clarke
According to Euro-centric mythorians myth-creators masquerading as history scholars , some well-fed European adventurers sailed down the coast of West Africa in their pleasure boats and chanced upon some naked savage Black people hopping from tree to tree, and their Christian, civilized hearts sank, and they decided to help. Always the altruists, the Europeans set up camp and began the enterprise to bring the savages to God and also to civilization. The slave trade, oh, the savages were doing it all the time?
And colonialism, oh, that was necessary to teach the Africans the art and science of self-government! It is these types of make-me-happy fabrications European scholarship continue to pass on as history, and sadly it is the same kind of sophomoric nonsense African governments continue to spend their money on — passing it on to African children as history!
Mungo Park, The Landers, David Livingstone, Hawkins and rest we were taught were civilized discoverers and not pirates and thugs. That the stories of these thugs continue to fill our syllabuses is a serious indictment of African intellectuals and academics and governments! The very idea that Europeans were pioneers of civilization and that they brought civilization to Africa draws only laugh of derision and not anger from a properly educated African.
Europe was the last habitat of Man to wake up from the Dark Ages! And the notion that the European scally-wags that went to destroy the old civilizations of Africa, Maya, Aztec and others brought with them anything civilized could only be the product of those who cannot or will not think.
The historical truth is that the thieves and thugs that sailed from Europe to trade in African slaves left an impoverished Europe that has lost one-third of its population to famine, starvation, and plagues.
They left a society where bathing was considered evil and writing the work of Satan! John Henrik Clarke should require no introduction to any educated African.
For more than half a century until he joined the ancestors in , the erudite African-American professor taught African-centered world history. He wrote numerous books and gave countless lectures. Clarke was among those that rescued Africa from the dustbin into which European scholars have dumped the birthplace of Man and the cradle of civilization.
Clarke sets out to explain to Africans continental and diasporan why the colossal trade in African slaves happened; how it happened and, more importantly, what we, as a people, can and should do to ensure that such monstrous calamity does not befall us again. He also gives us ideas to enable us to prepare for a meaningful future. It also should send each of us into thinking about what we can contribute individually to the task of Pan-African national redemption.
In the book, Dr. Clarke analyzes the role played by Cristobal Colon, aka, Christopher Columbus in this horrendous crime against the African people which led to consequences such like racism that African people still confront today in their daily lives.
To Dr. More: it exalts the continuing oppression of billions of people today. Columbus is something only oppressors or fools could celebrate. Another popular misconception fabricated by European scholars is that Europeans somehow miraculously sprang from nowhere and got things figured out — inventing philosophies and sciences and technologies.
This is pure fabrication. The basis of European civilization lays in the ideas Europe borrowed or stole from ancient Egypt among other places. And Dr. It was the first large-scale investment that was intercontinental. Many Europeans invested in ships and in the goods and services taken from these African countries and became independently wealthy. Clarke easily debunks the myths Europeans created to justify their cruel dealings with non-Europeans among which are:.
The myth of people waiting in darkness for another people to bring them light. The myth of a people without a legitimate God. The invader and the conqueror spread his way of life at the expense of the victim.
They generally destroy civilization in the name of civilization. The intent of every invader, no matter what his color, is to establish his own way of life and, in nearly every case, the local culture suffers. Not only did European succeeded in enslaving and colonizing other people, but the most disastrous aspect of such colonization is what Dr. Every effort was made to wipe from their memory how they ruled a state and how they related to their spirituality before the coming of the Europeans.
Most of the people of the world were forced to forget that over half of human history was over before anyone knew that a European was in the world.
Too often it is assumed that African history began with the slave trade and the colonization of Africa by Europeans. It is often forgotten that there were millennia of state and society formations and that there were advanced cultures and civilizations in Africa long before the Europeans came to Africa and negatively impacted on the continent. Clarke divides African history into three categories he admitted that it was arbitrary, but a necessary, utility which he calls the First, Second and Third Golden Age.
These are solid African achievements before any European came. It is usually forgotten that those empires and kingdoms were built by Africans and that they were in no way inferior to what existed in any other part of the world in terms of social, political and military organizations. The Songhai Empire, for example, was, in fact, larger than all of Europe, with a university at Sankore.
Songhai was sacked and the whole place was devastated by the invading armies. West Africa thus entered a sad period of decline from which it never recovered. As happened whenever an empire falls, there were a lot of internal strives. This happened in West Africa and brother turned against brother. When the Europeans pirates arrived and saw these ruins, they concluded that nothing of value ever existed.
The fall of Songhai coincided with two important events in history and these have a direct bearing on the Trans-Atlantic slavery. The first was Columbus landing in America and the second was the re-awakening of Europe from the Dark Ages that befell the continent after the fall of Rome.
Europe was rising when Africa was declining and had the big African empires not fallen, Europe certainly would not have had much to conquer and enslave Africa with.
Clarke also considers the deliberate misconception that the African slave trade was the only system of slavery known in history. Even in the USA, whites were first used as slaves before the slave traders decided on Africa! He then proceeds to give the qualitative differences between these earlier slave systems and the horrendous chattel system introduced by the Europeans in their enslavement of Africa.
According to Dr. This brings us to a conclusion that might be difficult for a lot of people to accept. Maybe in this fakery about spreading civilization, he destroyed more civilizations than he ever built and did the world more harm than good. There have been interactions among the world cultures since the dawn of history with each culture respecting the other. Africans have sailed to the Americas in pre-Colombian times and there is also evidence of the Chinese calling at African ports in ancient times.
Why did he do it? In a short 40 years, the entire race of people in Haiti, a half a million Native Americans, were wiped off the face of the earth by Columbus and the Spaniards that followed him. How then did he end up in the West when he set out for the East? Who financed Columbus expedition and why did his voyage coincide with the expulsion of the Jews from Spain?
Analyzing all these questions posed in this chapter is not something that could be tackled within the scope of a book review. It makes interesting reading, though. In the last chapters of the book, Dr. Clarke made some suggestions as to what we as African people should have done to recover from the disaster of slavery. He laments that while the Caribbean had produced the greatest of Pan-African thinkers, they did not federate all of the Islands, a move which should have made the Panamanian, Grenadian and the Haitian invasions impossible.
We spend too much time celebrating. We have made white hotels rich by having our conferences there. All of the conferences that Black people have each year would allow us to build ten major hotels at once. We could raise our own food; it would be much better if we could stop eating out of the can all the time… The concept of nation responsibility.
This is what has been taking away from us during these five hundred years. This is the supreme tragedy on our mind in the world Christopher Columbus did not discover, programming our mind to convince us that we could not even make a safety pin… There are Africans educated in Africa with Africa money who are scattered all over the world; they want to be anything but Africans.
I maintain that there is no solution for African people, except for some form of Pan African Nationalism, no matter how you cut it.
How do we become a whole people again? I think we should begin by finding a mirror and liking what we see. We have to realize it is not the effort of any one of us that will lead to freedom, but the collective work of all of us who are sincere. Where is our economy going to come from? If we built a shoe factory and made shoes for that many people our shoe factories would be running all night and all day! Again the Europeans have squandered their wealth on stupid wars and conflicts that could have been avoided.
They have already proven that they have one mission in mind, irrespective of religion, politics or cultural affiliation and that mission is to dominate the world and all of its resources by any means necessary. Our mission should not be to conquer Europe but to contain Europe within its borders and let it be known that anything Europe wants from other parts of the world can be had through honorable trade.
The Nile River civilizations of Africa gave the world its first humanity, its first belief systems, its first social though and its first philosophy. In chapter eleven, Dr. This is what we came through and we are obligated never to let this happen again.
First, we are obligated never to let it happen again to us. This is a most profound question and I scratched my head in vain to find a suitable answer! The Kingdom of the Netherlands was occupied by the Nazis from during which about 20, Dutch people were killed; May the 5 th is set aside to commemorate the Liberation of the Netherlands from Nazi occupation.
Again, the Premier of the state of Israel recently toured Europe where, among other offices, he performed the commissioning of a new Museum dedicated to victims of the Nazi Holocaust. Six million Jews perished in the Nazi atrocities. The Jews built Museums and other memorials to remind themselves of what they went through and also to draw strength and inspiration so that such calamity never befalls them again.
What do we have in Africa except for the absurdity of naming streets, rivers, and monuments after our enslavers and colonizers! Ours must certainly be the only race that glorifies its oppression. It was almost like the crime of not burying them! Your mission is to remember and to teach your children so that they can remember it. Because it happened to us, we have a special responsibility to ourselves to build a kind of humanity and partnership with all African people of the world that could serve as a role model for all of the people of the world.
Christopher Columbus (African Holocaust)
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The Nature of the Gathering Storm 33 2. Africa Before The Slave Trade 37 3. New Enemies Disguised As Friends 47 4. Slave Trade and Slavery In Retrospect 51 5. The Forced Migration 77 9. The Broader Dimensions of the Crisis 87
Christopher Columbus and the Afrikan Holocaust: Slavery and the Rise of European Capitalism
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According to Euro-centric mythorians myth-creators masquerading as history scholars , some well-fed European adventurers sailed down the coast of West Africa in their pleasure boats and chanced upon some naked savage Black people hopping from tree to tree, and their Christian, civilized hearts sank, and they decided to help. Always the altruists, the Europeans set up camp and began the enterprise to bring the savages to God and also to civilization. The slave trade, oh, the savages were doing it all the time? And colonialism, oh, that was necessary to teach the Africans the art and science of self-government! It is these types of make-me-happy fabrications European scholarship continue to pass on as history, and sadly it is the same kind of sophomoric nonsense African governments continue to spend their money on — passing it on to African children as history!
Prix Payot: CHF Among sources on the Holocaust, survivor testimonies are the least replaceable and most complex, reflecting both the personality of the narrator and the conditions and perceptions prevailing at the time of narration. Scholars, despite their aim to challenge memory and fill its gaps, often use testimonies uncritically or selectively-mining them to support generalizations.
John Henrik Clarke born John Henry Clark ; January 1, - July 16,  was an African-American historian, professor, and pioneer in the creation of Pan-African and Africana studies and professional institutions in academia starting in the late s. With the hopes of earning enough money to buy land rather than sharecrop, his family moved to the closest mill town in Columbus, Georgia.
Прошу прощения? - проговорил директор. - Халохот был профессионалом высокого уровня, сэр. Мы были свидетелями убийства, поскольку находились всего в пятидесяти метрах от места. Все данные говорят, что Танкадо ни о чем таком даже не подозревал. - Данные? - спросил Бринкерхофф.
На ВР туча из черных нитей все глубже вгрызалась в оставшиеся щиты. Дэвид сидел в мини-автобусе, тихо наблюдая за драмой, разыгрывавшейся перед ним на мониторе. - Сьюзан! - позвал. - Меня осенило. Здесь шестнадцать групп по четыре знака в каждой. - О, ради Бога, - пробурчал себе под нос Джабба. - Все хотят поиграть в эту игру.
- Старался спрятать концы в воду, скрыть собственный просчет.
- Добрый вечер, мистер Хейл. - Он нахмурился, глаза его сузились. - Сегодня суббота.
- Он прикинул в уме, сколько в этой пачке в пересчете на доллары. - Да тут несколько тысяч долларов. - Я действую по инструкции, сэр. - Пилот повернулся и скрылся в кабине. Дверца за ним захлопнулась.
Стратмор кивнул: - Он разместит его в Интернете, напечатает в газетах, на рекламных щитах. Короче, он отдаст ключ публике.