Shooting Up Counterinsurgency And The War On Drugs Pdf
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Most policymakers see counterinsurgency and counternarcotics policy as two sides of the same coin. Stop the flow of drug money, the logic goes, and the insurgency will wither away.
- Shooting Up
- Shooting Up: Counterinsurgency and the War on Drugs by Vanda Felbab-Brown
- Wildlife and Drug Trafficking, Terrorism, and Human Security
If these groups have a political agenda, they can spread instability. The presence or influence of non-state armed actors will increase risks of violence during elections. Such cases are exacerbated when the state does not have complete control over its territory, or when porous borders allow the illegal transit of armed groups. Bryden and M. The presence of non-state armed actors.
Shooting Up: Counterinsurgency and the War on Drugs by Vanda Felbab-Brown
Afghanistan has been the world's leading illicit opium producer since In addition to opium, Afghanistan is also the world's leading producer of hashish. Afghanistan first began producing opium in significant quantities in the mids, to supply its neighbor Iran after poppy cultivation was banned there. Afghanistan and Pakistan increased production and became major suppliers of opiates to Western Europe and North America in the mids, when political instability combined with a prolonged drought disrupted supplies from the Golden Triangle. After a Soviet-backed left-wing government in Afghanistan failed to gain popular support, the Russians decided to invade.
Most policymakers see counterinsurgency and counternarcotics policy as two sides of the same coin. Stop the flow of drug money, the logic goes, and the insurgency will wither away. Counternarcotics campaigns, particularly those focused on eradication, typically fail to bankrupt belligerent groups that rely on the drug trade for financing. Worse, they actually strengthen insurgents by increasing their legitimacy and popular support. Felbab-Brown, a leading expert on drug interdiction efforts and counterinsurgency, draws on interviews and fieldwork in some of the world's most dangerous regions to explain how belligerent groups have become involved in drug trafficking and related activities, including kidnapping, extortion, and smuggling. In addition, the author explores the interaction between insurgent groups and illicit economies in frequently overlooked settings, such as Northern Ireland, Turkey, and Burma. While aggressive efforts to suppress the drug trade typically backfire, Shooting Up shows that a laissez-faire policy toward illicit crop cultivation can reduce support for the belligerents and, critically, increase cooperation with government intelligence gathering.
By Dr. T he planet is experiencing alarming levels of species loss caused in large part by intensified poaching stimulated by a greatly expanding demand for animals, plants, and wildlife products. The rate of species extinction, now as much as 1, times the historical average and the worst since the dinosaurs died out 65 million years ago, deserves to be seen, like climate change, as a global ecological catastrophe meriting high-level policy initiatives to address its human causes. In addition to irretrievable biodiversity loss, poaching and wildlife trafficking pose serious threats to public health, with diseases such as Ebola, SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , and various influenza types linked to the illegal wildlife trade, thus potentially causing global pandemics. Wildlife trafficking can also undermine human security of forest-dependent communities and cause local, national, and global economic losses.
Most policymakers see counterinsurgency and counternarcotics policy as two sides of the same coin. Stop the flow of drug money, the logic goes, and the.
Wildlife and Drug Trafficking, Terrorism, and Human Security
Though the Afghan drug economy peaked in and , cultivation this year still amounted to , acres, and the potential production of opium reached 6, tons. Narcotics production and counternarcotics policies in Afghanistan are of critical importance not only for drug control there and worldwide, but also for the security, reconstruction and rule of law efforts in Afghanistan. Unfortunately, many of the counternarcotics policies adopted during most of the past decade not only failed to reduce the size and scope of the illicit economy in Afghanistan, but also had serious counterproductive effects on the other objectives of peace, state-building and economic reconstruction. In a courageous break with 30 years of counternarcotics policies that focused on ineffective, forced eradication of illicit crops as a way to reduce supply of drugs and bankrupt belligerents, the Obama administration wisely decided in to scale back eradication in Afghanistan and prioritize interdiction and rural development.
Making War: Conflict Zones and Th The illicit drug economy has emerged as a major factor that can exacerbate violence, complicate peace negotiations and corrupt transitions from war to peace. When this combines with the international narcotics enforcement regime, it has proven to have detrimental consequences for the resolution of conflict, as well as for the long-term developmental trajectories of those whose livelihoods depend on the drug economy.
Shooting Up analyzes how involvement in the production and trafficking of illicit commodities, especially drugs, affects the strength of belligerents and governments. Much of U. The author challenges this narcoguerrilla premise of U. She shows that, far from being complementary, anti-narcotics and counterinsurgency policies are frequently at odds with one another.
She is an expert on international and internal conflicts and nontraditional security threats, including insurgency, organized crime, urban violence and illicit economies. She is also the author of numerous policy reports, academic articles, and opinion pieces.
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