Define Computer Network And Explain The Types Of Networks Pdf

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define computer network and explain the types of networks pdf

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Chapter 1: What is a Network?

A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources such as printers and CDs , exchange files, or allow electronic communications. The computers on a network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites, or infrared light beams. It is generally limited to a geographic area such as a writing lab, school, or building. Computers connected to a network are broadly categorized as servers or workstations. Servers are generally not used by humans directly, but rather run continuously to provide "services" to the other computers and their human users on the network. Services provided can include printing and faxing, software hosting, file storage and sharing, messaging, data storage and retrieval, complete access control security for the network's resources, and many others.

Before we discussing about type of network we can discuss about what is a network. In the today world, Two devices are in network if a process in one device is able to exchange information with a process in another device. Networks are known as a medium of connections between nodes set of devices or computers. A network is consist of group of computer systems, servers, networking devices are linked together to share resources, including a printer or a file server. The connections is established by using either cable media or wireless media. A Local Area Network is a privately owned computer network covering a small Networks geographical area, like a home, office, or groups of buildings e.

11 Types of Networks Explained: VPN, LAN & More

Used for everything from accessing the internet or printing a document to downloading an attachment from an email, networks are the backbone of business today. The smallest and most basic type of network, a PAN is made up of a wireless modem, a computer or two, phones, printers, tablets, etc. These types of networks are typically found in small offices or residences, and are managed by one person or organization from a single device. Enterprises typically manage and maintain LANs. Larger than LANs, but smaller than metropolitan area networks MANs, explained below , these types of networks are typically seen in universities, large K school districts or small businesses.

A computer network is a group of computers linked to each other that enables the computer to communicate with another computer and share their resources, data, and applications. A computer network can be categorized by their size. A computer network is mainly of four types :. It is a low range network. Extranet: An extranet is a communication network based on the internet protocol such as Transmission Control protocol and internet protocol.

A wide area network WAN is a telecommunications network that extends over a large geographic area for the primary purpose of computer networking. Wide area networks are often established with leased telecommunication circuits. Businesses, as well as schools and government entities, use wide area networks to relay data to staff, students, clients, buyers and suppliers from various locations across the world. In essence, this mode of telecommunication allows a business to effectively carry out its daily function regardless of location. The Internet may be considered a WAN. The textbook definition of a WAN is a computer network spanning regions, countries, or even the world.

Computer Network Fundamentals

Computer network , two or more computers that are connected with one another for the purpose of communicating data electronically. Besides physically connecting computer and communication devices, a network system serves the important function of establishing a cohesive architecture that allows a variety of equipment types to transfer information in a near-seamless fashion. LANs connect computers and peripheral devices in a limited physical area, such as a business office, laboratory, or college campus, by means of links wires, Ethernet cables, fibre optics , Wi-Fi that transmit data rapidly. A typical LAN consists of two or more personal computers , printers, and high-capacity disk-storage devices called file servers, which enable each computer on the network to access a common set of files.

A network protocol is an established set of rules that determine how data is transmitted between different devices in the same network. Essentially, it allows connected devices to communicate with each other, regardless of any differences in their internal processes, structure or design. Network protocols are the reason you can easily communicate with people all over the world, and thus play a critical role in modern digital communications. Neither local area networks LAN nor wide area networks WAN could function the way they do today without the use of network protocols.

There are various types of computer networks available. We can categorize them according to their size as well as their purpose. The size of a network should be expressed by the geographic area and number of computers, which are a part of their networks. It includes devices housed in a single room to millions of devices spread across the world. What is LAN?

Wide area network

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3 Comments

  1. Rebecca F. 29.05.2021 at 12:29

    • A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources (such as printers and CDs), exchange files, or allow electronic communications. • The computers on a network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites, or infrared light beams.

  2. Caridad M. 29.05.2021 at 22:16

    Learn the different types of computer network including their definitions and characteristics in easy language.

  3. Aya L. 02.06.2021 at 22:10

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