Encyclopedia Of The Modern Middle East And North Africa Pdf Latitude
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It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator. Most believe it stems from words used by the Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans. These include the Australopithecines, our earliest ancestors; Homo habilis , our tool-making ancestors; and Homo erectus , a more robust and advanced relative to Homo habilis that was able to walk upright. These ancestors were the first to develop stone tools, to move out of trees and walk upright, and, most importantly, to explore and migrate.
Africa: Human Geography
Knowledge of high resolution Y-chromosome haplogroup diversification within Iran provides important geographic context regarding the spread and compartmentalization of male lineages in the Middle East and southwestern Asia. At present, the Iranian population is characterized by an extraordinary mix of different ethnic groups speaking a variety of Indo-Iranian, Semitic and Turkic languages. Despite these features, only few studies have investigated the multiethnic components of the Iranian gene pool. The results show an autochthonous but non-homogeneous ancient background mainly composed by J2a sub-clades with different external contributions. In spite of the presence of important geographic barriers Zagros and Alborz mountain ranges, and the Dasht-e Kavir and Dash-e Lut deserts which may have limited gene flow, AMOVA analysis revealed that language, in addition to geography, has played an important role in shaping the nowadays Iranian gene pool. Overall, this study provides a portrait of the Y-chromosomal variation in Iran, useful for depicting a more comprehensive history of the peoples of this area as well as for reconstructing ancient migration routes. In addition, our results evidence the important role of the Iranian plateau as source and recipient of gene flow between culturally and genetically distinct populations.
The MENA acronym is often used in academia , military planning, disaster relief, media planning as a broadcast region, and business writing. Some agencies and programmes of the United Nations do define the MENA region, but their definitions may contradict each other, and sometimes only apply to specific studies or reports. Saudi Arabia. South Sudan. In , the MENA region emitted 3. Recognised by the United Nations , The World Bank and the World Health Organisation as one of the greatest global challenges in the 21st century, climate change is currently having an unprecedented effect upon the Earth's natural systems. Islam is by far the dominant religion in nearly all of the MENA territories;
Climate change in the Middle East and North Africa
In , the MENA region emitted 3. Recognised by the United Nations , The World Bank and the World Health Organisation as one of the greatest global challenges in the 21st century, climate change is currently having an unprecedented effect upon the Earth's natural systems. Climate change is expected to put significant strain on already scarce water and agricultural resources within the MENA region, threatening the national security and political stability of all included countries. Policy is also being established on a national level amongst MENA countries, with a focus on the development of renewable energies. Greenhouse gas emissions produced by humans have been identified by the IPCC and the vast majority of climate scientists as the primary driver of climate change. The failure of the Iranian subsidy reform plan during the s left Iran as the world's largest subsidiser of fossil fuel in
Africa , the second largest continent after Asia , covering about one-fifth of the total land surface of Earth. The continent is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean , on the north by the Mediterranean Sea , on the east by the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean , and on the south by the mingling waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Paradoxically, the coastline of Africa—18, miles 30, km in length—is shorter than that of Europe , because there are few inlets and few large bays or gulfs. Off the coasts of Africa a number of islands are associated with the continent. Of these Madagascar , one of the largest islands in the world, is the most significant. The continent is cut almost equally in two by the Equator , so that most of Africa lies within the tropical region, bounded on the north by the Tropic of Cancer and on the south by the Tropic of Capricorn. The name Africa, however, was chiefly applied to the northern coast of the continent, which was, in effect, regarded as a southern extension of Europe.
our immediate reactions to the current events, and let time pass so that future Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has increased its expenditure on.
Knowledge of high resolution Y-chromosome haplogroup diversification within Iran provides important geographic context regarding the spread and compartmentalization of male lineages in the Middle East and southwestern Asia. At present, the Iranian population is characterized by an extraordinary mix of different ethnic groups speaking a variety of Indo-Iranian, Semitic and Turkic languages. Despite these features, only few studies have investigated the multiethnic components of the Iranian gene pool.
The realm of North Africa and Southwest Asia is large and expansive in terms of physical area, but its regions share a number of common qualities. The physical area of this realm is divided into three regions: North Africa, Southwest Asia, and the countries of Turkestan Alternative term for the region of Central Asia named after the Turkish people who moved through the area centuries ago. Egypt has territory in both Africa and Asia through its possession of the Sinai Peninsula. The land on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea is frequently referred to as the Levant Land area bordering the eastern Mediterranean Sea that now includes Israel, Lebanon, and parts of western Syria. Afghanistan is the only country of Central Asia that was not officially a part of the former Soviet Union.
Ясно, конечно, что это никакой не полицейский, это Клиент с большой буквы. - Дайте мне угадать: наш номер вам дал приятель. Сказал, чтобы вы обязательно нам позвонили. Я прав.
Так вы успели его рассмотреть. - Господи. Когда я опустился на колени, чтобы помочь ему, этот человек стал совать мне пальцы прямо в лицо. Он хотел отдать кольцо.