Vowel And Consonant Sounds Pdf

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vowel and consonant sounds pdf

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Vowels and consonants are sounds, not letters. Depending on your accent and how thinly you slice them, there are about 20 vowels and 24 consonants.

15 phonics rules for reading and spelling

Vowel , in human speech , sound in which the flow of air from the lungs passes through the mouth, which functions as a resonance chamber, with minimal obstruction and without audible friction; e. From the viewpoint of articulatory phonetics , vowels are classified according to the position of the tongue and lips and, sometimes, according to whether or not the air is released through the nose.

High, middle, and low vowels are also classified according to a front-to-back dimension. A front vowel is pronounced with the highest part of the tongue pushed forward in the mouth and somewhat arched.

A back vowel— e. The shape and position of the lips yields a third articulatory dimension by which vowels are classified. The lips may be rounded or spread, in what is called labialization. Wide and narrow refer to the tongue-root position. To form a narrow vowel, the tongue root is retracted toward the pharyngeal wall, and the pharynx is narrowed. To form a wide vowel, the tongue root is advanced so that the pharynx is expanded. Tense and lax are less clearly defined terms.

Tense vowels are articulated with greater muscular effort, slightly higher tongue positions, and longer durations than lax vowels.

All vowels can be divided into two main categories: diphthongs and monophthongs. Diphthongs are gliding vowels in the articulation of which there is a continuous transition from one position to another. Diphthongs are to be contrasted in this respect with so-called pure vowels, or monophthongs— i. Though they are single speech sounds, diphthongs are usually represented, in a phonetic transcription of speech, by means of a pair of characters indicating the initial and final configurations of the vocal tract.

Many of the vowel sounds in most dialects of English are diphthongs— e. Semivowels are sounds produced in the same manner as vowels but are used and perceived as consonants. Vowel Article Media Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite.

While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.

Read More on This Topic. Phoneticians have found it difficult to give a precise definition of the articulatory Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Phoneticians have found it difficult to give a precise definition of the articulatory distinction between these two classes of sounds.

Most authorities would agree that a vowel is a sound that is produced without any major constrictions in the vocal tract, so…. Everywhere, unaccented vowels have had a different history from accented, and in some languages they have so weakened as to disappear altogether in certain positions. At the end of a word, for instance, even - a , the most sonorous of the vowels, has weakened to….

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The 44 Sounds in the English Language

A vowel is a particular kind of speech sound made by changing the shape of the upper vocal tract, or the area in the mouth above the tongue. In English it is important to know that there is a difference between a vowel sound and a [letter] in the [alphabet]. In English there are five vowel letters in the alphabet. The sounds of English are written with letters in the English alphabet, as either vowels or consonants. All English words are written with vowel letters in them.

Because differences are our greatest strength. Phonics instruction helps make those connections. Phonics instruction also teaches spelling patterns and spelling rules. It teaches about parts of words called syllables. Learning common syllable patterns can help people become better readers and spellers. Every syllable of every word must have at least one vowel sound.


The 44 English sounds can be divided into two major categories – consonants and vowels. A consonant sound is one in which the air flow is cut off, either partially.


vowel and consonant chart

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When supporting children in learning the sounds of the English language, remember to choose words that demonstrate all 44 word-sounds or phonemes. English contains 19 vowel sounds —5 short vowels, 6 long vowels, 3 diphthongs, 2 'oo' sounds, and 3 r-controlled vowel sounds—and 25 consonant sounds. The following lists provide sample words to use when teaching the sounds of the English language. You may choose to find more words to fill out word families or align with sight vocabulary lists such as a Dolch Word List. Your learners will benefit most from terms that are familiar to them or make sense in their life.

Vowel , in human speech , sound in which the flow of air from the lungs passes through the mouth, which functions as a resonance chamber, with minimal obstruction and without audible friction; e. From the viewpoint of articulatory phonetics , vowels are classified according to the position of the tongue and lips and, sometimes, according to whether or not the air is released through the nose.

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2 Comments

  1. Malagigi R. 02.05.2021 at 15:22

    There are five vowels and 21 consonants in English, right?

  2. Dustin W. 03.05.2021 at 20:58

    In British English, there are 20 vowel sounds divided into 5 long vowels, 7 short vowels and. 8 diphthonɡs (ɡliding vowels), which are a composed of a.