Vitamins And Their Scientific Names Pdf

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Swedish botanist Charles Linnaeus devised a system to classify vegetable family names in the s. The data they keep is of a technical nature. Legumes include all forms of beans and peas from the Fabaceae or Leguminosae botanical family.

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We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. B vitamins are a group of eight essential nutrients that play roles in many organs and bodily systems. Although they can work together in the body, they also carry out their own unique functions.

Vitamins – Chemical Names, Deficiency Disease, Sources

Vitamins are organic compounds meaning they contain Carbon and they are vital nutrients that organisms require in limited amounts. Just like other essential nutrients, vitamins must be obtained from the diet since the organism can not make them or can not make enough of them for survival. Interestingly, not all organisms have the same vitamin requirements. For example, ascorbic acid one form of vitamin C is a vitamin for humans, because the human body can not make it for us, but most all other animals have the ability to make this vitamin for themselves. Thirteen vitamins are universally recognized. Some researchers believe there are more vitamins that have yet to be discovered. Vitamins are classified as either: fat soluble will dissolve in oil or water soluble will dissolve in water.

Vitamins – Chemical Names, Deficiency Disease, Sources

Vitamin A, along with other vitamins, minerals and other compounds, is an essential micronutrient. This means that our bodies cannot manufacture it and therefore it has to be included in our diet. Vitamin A from food is stored in the liver until required by the body and is bound to protein before being transported to where it is needed. Vitamin A is essential for many physiological processes, including maintaining the integrity and function of all surface tissues epithelia : for example, the skin, the lining of the respiratory tract, the gut, the bladder, the inner ear and the eye. Vitamin A supports the daily replacement of skin cells and ensures that tissues such as the conjunctiva are able to produce mucous and provide a barrier to infection. Vitamin A is also essential for vision under conditions of poor lighting, for maintaining a healthy immune system, for growth and development and for reproduction.

The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels. But niacin, vitamin B6, folate, choline, and vitamin C have upper consumption limits. Vitamin B6 at high levels over a long period of time has been shown to cause irreversible nerve damage. A balanced diet usually provides enough of these vitamins.

Written and peer-reviewed by physicians—but use at your own risk. Read our disclaimer. Vitamins are a group of chemically diverse organic compounds that an organism requires for normal metabolism. Apart from a few exceptions e. Vitamins are micronutrients that do not provide energy like macronutrients but instead have very specific biochemical roles.

What is vitamin A and why do we need it?

Vitamin , any of several organic substances that are necessary in small quantities for normal health and growth in higher forms of animal life. Vitamins are distinct in several ways from other biologically important compounds such as protein s, carbohydrate s, and lipid s. Although these latter substances also are indispensable for proper bodily functions, almost all of them can be synthesized by animals in adequate quantities. Vitamins, on the other hand, generally cannot be synthesized in amounts sufficient to meet bodily needs and therefore must be obtained from the diet or from some synthetic source. For this reason, vitamins are called essential nutrients.

A vitamin is an organic molecule or a set of molecules closely related chemically, i. Essential nutrients cannot be synthesized in the organism, either at all or not in sufficient quantities, and therefore must be obtained through the diet. Vitamin C can be synthesized by some species but not by others; it is not a vitamin in the first instance but is in the second. The term vitamin does not include the three other groups of essential nutrients : minerals , essential fatty acids , and essential amino acids.

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7.1: Vitamins: Basic Concepts

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2 Comments

  1. Molly A. 26.05.2021 at 01:26

    Classification Of Vitamins · Biotin. · Niacin. · Pyridine. · Thiamine. · Vitamin C. · Folic acid. · Riboflavin. · Vitamin B

  2. Jamie B. 30.05.2021 at 23:17

    PDF | On Aug 5, , Asif Husain published Vitamins and related compounds (​Medicinal Chemistry) by: The name 'vitamin' was originally given to these accessory food factors because known to be Their minute quantity indicates a catalytic role in the cell. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere.