Mcq On Biotechnology And Its Applications Pdf
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- NEET Biotechnology & It's Application Important Questions
- MCQ's with Solution - Biotechnology & its Applications Class 12 Notes | EduRev
- Important Questions for CBSE Class 12 Biology Chapter 12 – Biotechnology and its Applications
- NEET Biology Biotechnology and Its Applications MCQs Set A
Name the technique based on the principle of antigen-antibody interaction used in detection of a virus HIV. Development of a transgenic food crop may help in solving the problem of night blindness in the developing countries, name this crop plant. Golden Rice.
Which among the following is based on antigen-antibody interaction? Which among the following is not allowed to take place in the case of RNA interference employed in making tobacco plants resistant to the nematode, Meloidegyne incognitia? Night blindness can be prevented by use of a golden rice b transgenic tomato c transgenic maize d Bt brinjal. The T i plasmid used for producing transgenic plants is found in a Azotobacter b Rhizobium c Azospirillum d Agrobacterium. C-peptide of human insulin is [NCERT Exemplar] a a part of mature insulin molecule b responsible for formation of disulphide bridges c removed during maturation of pro-insulin to insulin d responsible for its biological activity.
NEET Biotechnology & It's Application Important Questions
Name the technique based on the principle of antigen-antibody interaction used in detection of a virus HIV. Development of a transgenic food crop may help in solving the problem of night blindness in the developing countries, name this crop plant. Golden Rice. Which nematode infects the roots of tobacco plant and causes a great reduction in yield? The first transgenic cow, produced human protein — enriched milk.
Name the cow and the protein found in milk. Rosie, alpha-lactalbumin. The insulin produced using recombinant DNA technology is more advantageous than the insulin extracted from pancreas of slaughtered cattle and pigs. Insulin obtained from animal source causes allergy. Name two pest resistant plants produced by using recombinant DNA technology. Name the genetically engineered human Insulin? Write the Scientific name of nematode that attacks the root of tobacco plant?
Define a patent? Expand GEAC. Genetic Engineering Approval Committee. Which vaccine was being tested on mice? Polio vaccine. Name the bacterium which is used to produce insect-resistant plants by genetic engineering. Bacillus thuringiensis. Name any disease against which vaccine is developed lay Recombinant DNA technology. Hepatitis B vaccine. PCR polymerase chain reaction. Name any two diseases for which transgenic mice are used as model organisms.
Cry is the gene which codes for Bt-toxin which is an insecticidal protein while CRY is the protein coded by cry genes. Name any one disease for which gene therapy has been proved effective?
Adenosine deaminase deficiency ADA. What are the two methods for correcting ADA deficiency in a child? Bone marrow transplantation having functional ADA enzyme and Enzyme replacement therapy.
Some crop plants are modified genetically by manipulating their genes. How are they made beneficial? More tolerant to abiotic stresses; pest resistant; reduction in post harvest losses; increased nutritional value of food.
Write its full form. Give its two objectives. Justify the statement with a suitable example. Industrialised nations are collecting and patenting the genetic resources of under industrialised country like India. An American Company got patent rights on Basmati rice. Valuable biomolecules obtained from bioresources are patented and used for commercial purposes. What is Golden rice? What is its advantage? Golden rice is a transgenic variety of rice which contains a gene which codes for Vitamin A precursor.
What are the three critical research areas in the field of Biotechnology? What are the advantages of molecular diagnostics over conventional methods? In conventional methods, presence of pathogen is normally suspected only when pathogen has produced a disease symptom.
By this time the concentration of pathogen is already very high in Body which could be harmful but with molecular diagnostics, Small amount of pathogen could be detected by amplification by PCR.
What are genetically modified organisms? Name two factors on which their behaviour depends? Those organisms whose genes have been altered by manipulation, are called genetically modified organism or transgenic organisms.
The two factors on which their behaviourdepends:- i proper insertion of gene of interest. What are transgenic Bacteria? Illustrate using any one example? The bacteria in which genes of interest i-e. Give any two examples of products, how transgenic animals can be used to produce biological compounds? How is autoradiography used to detect a mutated gene? A single stranded DNA or RNA tagged with radioactive molecule is allowed to hybridise to its complements DNA in a clone of cells followed by detection using autoradiography.
The clone having the mutated gene will hence not appear on photographic film because probe will not have complementarily with mutated gene. Whydid Bacterial toxin does not kill the bacteria but only the insects? Bacterial toxin does not kill the Bacillus because. But toxic protein exist as inactiv e protoxin but once an insect ingest the inactive protoxin it is converted into active form of toxin due to alkaline pH of gut which solublises the crystal. Mention any four applications of Biotechnology in the field of Agriculture?
Vit — A rich golden rice. Why is recombinant Insulin produced by genetic engineering need to be processed? Some multinational companies and other organisations are using bioresources for commercial benefits, without proper authentication and compensation to concerned authorities.
Toxins bind to surface of midgut and cause perforation, swelling, lysis of cells ultimately leading to death. Given below is an incomplete flow chart showing the process of production of nematode resistant tobacco plants based on RNAitechnique. Describe with example, Why transgenic animals are produced? Transgenic animals are produced for following purposes Describe how nematode — resistant transgenic plants have been obtained?
The specific genes fromparasite are introduced into plant using Agrobacterium. What are Cry proteins? Name an organism that produces it.
How has man exploited this protein to his benefit? Write an account on the production of human insulin in transgenic organisms. The prohormone contains another polypeptides called C-peptide which is removed during maturation. What is RNA Silencing? How is this strategy used to create pest — resistant plants? This strategy is used toprevent infection of roots of tobacco plants lay nematode Meloidegyne incognita.
Using Agrobacterium vector nematode specificgenes were introduced into host plant. The consequence wasthat parasite could not survive in transgenic host. What are the steps involved in synthesis of genetically engineered insulin. Steps involved in Insulin production are The clinical gene therapy is given to a 4 years old patient for an enzyme which is crucial for the immune system to function.
Observe the therapeutical flow chart and give the answer of the following: a Complete the missing steps B and D b Identify the disease to be cured. Step D : Infusion of genetically engineered lymphocytes into patients. In the given figure, Agrobacterium is utilized for the production of a transgenic crop. Explain the steps a, b, c, d and e shown in the figure. Step a Plasmid is removed and cut open with restriction endonuclease.
Step b Gene of interest is isolated from another organism and amplified using PCR Step c New gene is inserted into plasmid Step d Plasmid is put back into Agrobacterium Step e Agrobacterium based transformation. In the given figure, Form A and Form B represents different forms of a proteinaceous hormone secreted by pancreas in mammals.
How these forms differ from each other? Chains A and B were producedseparately, extracted and combined by creating disulphide bonds to form insulin.
What is Gene therapy — Illustrate using example of Adenosine deaminase deficiency? Gene therapy is a collection of methods that allows correction of a gene defect. Itinvolves delivery of a normal gene into the individual or embryo to replace the defective mutant allele of the gene. These lymphocytes are then transferred into body of patient the patient requires infusion of such genetically engineered lymphocytes. Your email address will not be published.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Golden Rice 3. Rosie, alpha-lactalbumin 5. Humulin 8.
MCQ's with Solution - Biotechnology & its Applications Class 12 Notes | EduRev
Which one of the following techniques made it possible to genetically engineer living organisms? Gene transfer technique is the primary requirement for genetic transformation technology. The T i plasmid used for producing transgenic plants is found in a Azotobacter b Rhizobium c Azospirillum d Agrobacterium. Transgenic plants are emerging as an important system for the expression of a wide variety of foreign genes and offer the opportunity of large-scale protein production in agricultural systems. Animal pharming can be defined as A. Maximum number of existing transgenic animals is of. Transgenic plants expressing the coat protein of alfalfa mosaic virus AlMV , an isometric virus with a tripartite genome, have been demonstrated to be resistant to virus infection.
MCQ S With Solution Biotechnology Amp Its Applications. Multiple choice questions Molecular Biology Set 1 Solved. Anand Mani. Free PDF.
Important Questions for CBSE Class 12 Biology Chapter 12 – Biotechnology and its Applications
Question 1. Which of the following is not a benefit of transgenic animals? Question 2. Answer: c Genetic Engineering Approval Committee. Question 3.
Multiple Choice Questions form important part of competitive exams and NEET exam and if practiced properly can help you to get higher rank. Important updates relating to your studies which will help you to keep yourself updated with latest happenings in school level education. Keep yourself updated with all latest news and also read articles from teachers which will help you to improve your studies, increase motivation level and promote faster learning.
This action cannot be undone. This will permanently delete All Practiced Questions. A genetically engineered micro-organism used successfully in bioremediation of oil spills is a species of:.
NEET Biology Biotechnology and Its Applications MCQs Set A
Hindi Plant Physiology. Grace Company and US Department of Agriculture for a method of controlling fungi on plants with the aid of hydrophobic extracted Neem oil. Biotechnology Sample Questions Related: surface chemistry mcq questions. Bacillus thuringiensis 2 Bt toxins produced in Bacillus thuringiensis is not toxic to it, why?
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Biotechnology & its applications. IMPORTANT POINTS. - Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocessors.
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