Difference Between Inquiry And Investigation Pdf

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Differences between Inquiry and Investigation

The object of investigation- It includes all the proceedings under the Code for the collection of evidence. It was observed by the court that etymologically, the meaning of term investigation is that which includes any process involving sifting of materials or search of any relevant data for the purpose of ascertaining facts in issue in a matter in hand [1]. If investigating agencies conduct mala fide investigation, then it is open to correction by invoking the jurisdiction of the High Court under Art of the Constitution. CASES INVOLVED- The investigating agency and the investigating officer have a high degree of responsibility and ethical rectitude to ensure that the investigations are carried out without any bias and are conducted in all fairness not only to the accused person but also to the victim of any crime, whether the victim is an individual or the state [4]. It may be noted that a Magistrate is kept in the picture at all stages of the police investigation, but he is not authorized to interfere with the actual investigation or to direct the police on how the investigation is to be conducted [5]. The inquiry relates to the proceedings that are carried out by the Magistrate before a trial is done. The inquiry is never conducted by the police, though in common parlance we talk of police inquiries.

Difference between inquiry and trial in Criminal Procedure Code

From Section to Section , the details of Inspection, Inquiry and Investigations are explained. The Shareholders of a Company have several rights, including those of the right to vote and elect their directors, right to convene board meetings, right to receive dividends and so on. Although, sometimes these shareholders are ill-equipped to exercise all their powers, and this is abused by those who control the majority of the affairs of the company. Thus, with the introduction of the Companies Act, , the Central Government through this Chapter of the Act, vested the shareholders with the powers to inspect, inquire and investigate the affairs of the company in appropriate situations where it could be believed that the business of the company was being done in a fraudulent or unfair manner. Investigation means to carry out a systematic or formal inquiry to discover and examine facts of an incident to establish the truth.

Post a comment. Latest Articles. Friday, 9 December C Criminal Procedure Code. An investigation by the police commences with the first step taken by the police-officer in the matter of the offence and the culprit thereof. It does not always mean a judicial inquiry. All other proceedings are inquiries which have various endings according to circumstances.

Difference Between Investigation and Inquiry Under CrPC

So, every inquiry made by the court under the Cr. Inquiry must always be a forerunner to the trial. State of Maharashtra , 2 SCC , the Supreme Court held that the trial in a warrant case starts with the framing of charge; prior to it, the proceedings are only an inquiry. State of Punjab , 3 SCC 92 , a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court held that trial is distinct from an inquiry and must necessarily succeed it.

An investigation is made by a police officer or by some person authorised by a magistrate. The object of an investigation is to collect evidence for the prosecution of the case. An investigation is the first stage of a criminal case.

Man acquires knowledge through observation, inquiry, and investigation into things that interest him. In every aspect of his life, he uses these tools to provide him with information about everything in his world, especially the processes of inquiry and investigation. Through inquiry and investigation he is able to learn about his past, his body, and about the things in his surroundings including all that has happened in the past and all that is still happening in his environment. They are very important especially in scientific studies to provide researchers information and knowledge about the subject of their research. In law, specifically criminal law as well as in police work, investigation is necessary to allow the uncovering of facts about a case.

Inquiry and Investigation- The Code of Criminal Procedure CrPC renders a separate and specific definition for both the terms, however owing to their dictionary meaning the two words are often confused and used interchangeably. Legal News Legal Views.

Criminal Law: Difference between Inquiry and Investigation

Post a comment. The investigation is related to proceeding for steps taken by the police or person other than a magistrate. In case of inquiry, it relates to the proceeding of magistrate prior to trial. An investigation starts when a police officer forms a definite opinion that there are grounds for investigating the crime. An inquiry May start with shadowy beginnings. The main object of Investigation is to collect evidence. An inquiry aims at determining the truth or falsity of certain facts.

И все-таки он пошел в обход. Интересно, о чем он. У Бринкерхоффа подогнулись колени. Он не мог понять, почему Мидж всегда права. Он не заметил отражения, мелькнувшего за оконным стеклом рядом с. Крупная фигура возникла в дверях директорского кабинета.

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Сьюзан это выводило из себя, однако она была слишком самолюбива, чтобы пожаловаться на него Стратмору. Проще было его игнорировать. Хейл подошел к буфету, с грохотом открыл решетчатую дверцу, достал из холодильника пластиковую упаковку тофу, соевого творога, и сунул в рот несколько кусочков белой студенистой массы. Затем облокотился о плиту, поправил широкие серые брюки и крахмальную рубашку. - И долго ты собираешься здесь сидеть. - Всю ночь, - безучастно ответила Сьюзан.

Большой Брат, или Брат, как его обычно называла Мидж, - это аппарат Сентрекс-333, размещавшийся в крохотном, похожем на подсобку кабинетике рядом с директорскими апартаментами. Большой Брат был частью мира, в котором царила Мидж. Он получал информацию со 148 камер кабельного телевидения, 399 электронных дверей, 377 устройств прослушивания телефонов и еще 212 жучков, установленных по всему комплексу АНБ. Директора АН Б дорого заплатили за осознание того факта, что двадцать шесть тысяч сотрудников не только огромная ценность, но и источник больших неприятностей. Все крупные провалы в сфере безопасности в истории агентства происходили внутри этого здания.

 Сьюзан, извини. Это кошмар наяву. Я понимаю, ты расстроена из-за Дэвида. Я не хотел, чтобы ты узнала об этом. Я был уверен, что он тебе все рассказал. Сьюзан ощутила угрызения совести. - Я тоже хватила через край.

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В другом конце комнаты Хейл еле слышно засмеялся. Сьюзан взглянула на адресную строку сообщения. FROM: CHALECRYPTO.

В качестве штатного ангела-хранителя компьютерных систем АН Б Джабба ходил по отделам, делал замечания, что-то налаживал и тем самым постоянно подтверждал свое кредо, гласившее, что профилактика-лучшее лекарство. Ни один из поднадзорных ему компьютеров АНБ не заразился вирусом, и он был намерен не допустить этого и впредь. Рабочим местом Джаббы была платформа, с которой открывался вид на подземную сверхсекретную базу данных АНБ. Именно здесь вирус мог бы причинить наибольший ущерб, и именно здесь Джабба проводил большую часть времени.

 Три! - крикнула Сьюзан, перекрывая оглушающую какофонию сирен и чьих-то голосов. Она показала на экран. Все глаза были устремлены на нее, на руку Танкадо, протянутую к людям, на три пальца, отчаянно двигающихся под севильским солнцем.


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    refers to proceedings conducted by a Court or a Magistrate. An.