Badminton Rules And Regulations 2012 Pdf
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When the score is tied at all, the side reaching it first chooses to finish the game at 15 or to set the game at 5-points. Similarly, in point games, the score may be set at 3 when the score is 9-all and at 2 when all.
- Table Tennis Rules and Regulations
- Serve badminton rule book pdf
- Badminton: How to play, rules, and all you need to know
Table Tennis Rules and Regulations
Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" with one player per side and "doubles" with two players per side. Badminton is often played as a casual outdoor activity in a yard or on a beach; formal games are played on a rectangular indoor court. Points are scored by striking the shuttlecock with the racquet and landing it within the opposing side's half of the court.
Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. Play ends once the shuttlecock has struck the floor or if a fault has been called by the umpire, service judge, or in their absence the opposing side. The shuttlecock is a feathered or in informal matches plastic projectile which flies differently from the balls used in many other sports. In particular, the feathers create much higher drag , causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly.
Shuttlecocks also have a high top speed compared to the balls in other racquet sports. The flight of the shuttlecock gives the sport its distinctive nature.
The game developed in British India from the earlier game of battledore and shuttlecock. European play came to be dominated by Denmark but the game has become very popular in Asia, with recent competitions dominated by China. Since , badminton has been a Summer Olympic sport with four events : men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, and women's doubles,  with mixed doubles added four years later. At high levels of play, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobic stamina , agility , strength, speed, and precision.
It is also a technical sport, requiring good motor coordination and the development of sophisticated racquet movements. Games employing shuttlecocks have been played for centuries across Eurasia , [a] but the modern game of badminton developed in the midth century among the British as a variant of the earlier game of battledore and shuttlecock.
The name derives from the Duke of Beaufort 's Badminton House in Gloucestershire ,  but why or when remains unclear. As early as , a London toy dealer named Isaac Spratt published a booklet entitled Badminton Battledore — A New Game , but no copy is known to have survived. The game may have originally developed among expatriate officers in British India ,  where it was very popular by the s.
Early on, the game was also known as Poona or Poonah after the garrison town of Poona ,   where it was particularly popular and where the first rules for the game were drawn up in Initially, the sport was played with sides ranging from 1 to 4 players, but it was quickly established that games between two or four competitors worked the best.
The sport was played under the Pune rules until , when J. Hart of the Bath Badminton Club drew up revised regulations. India joined as an affiliate in The BWF now governs international badminton.
Although initiated in England, competitive men's badminton has traditionally been dominated in Europe by Denmark. Worldwide, Asian nations have become dominant in international competition. China , Denmark , Indonesia , Malaysia , India , South Korea , Taiwan as Chinese Taipei and Japan are the nations which have consistently produced world-class players in the past few decades, with China being the greatest force in men's and women's competition recently.
The game has also become a popular backyard sport in the United States. The following information is a simplified summary of badminton rules based on the BWF Statutes publication, Laws of Badminton. The court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. Courts are usually marked for both singles and doubles play, although badminton rules permit a court to be marked for singles only.
The exception, which often causes confusion to newer players, is that the doubles court has a shorter serve-length dimension. The full width of the court is 6. The full length of the court is The service courts are marked by a centre line dividing the width of the court, by a short service line at a distance of 1. In doubles, the service court is also marked by a long service line, which is 0.
The net is 1. The net posts are placed over the doubles sidelines, even when singles is played. The minimum height for the ceiling above the court is not mentioned in the Laws of Badminton. Nonetheless, a badminton court will not be suitable if the ceiling is likely to be hit on a high serve.
When the server serves, the shuttlecock must pass over the short service line on the opponents' court or it will count as a fault. The server and receiver must remain within their service courts, without touching the boundary lines, until the server strikes the shuttlecock. The other two players may stand wherever they wish, so long as they do not block the vision of the server or receiver. At the start of the rally, the server and receiver stand in diagonally opposite service courts see court dimensions.
The server hits the shuttlecock so that it would land in the receiver's service court. This is similar to tennis , except that in a badminton serve the whole shuttle must be below 1. When the serving side loses a rally, the server immediately passes to their opponent s this differs from the old system where sometimes the serve passes to the doubles partner for what is known as a "second serve". In singles, the server stands in their right service court when their score is even, and in their left service court when their score is odd.
If the opponents win the rally and their new score is even, the player in the right service court serves; if odd, the player in the left service court serves. The players' service courts are determined by their positions at the start of the previous rally, not by where they were standing at the end of the rally.
A consequence of this system is that each time a side regains the service, the server will be the player who did not serve last time. Each game is played to 21 points, with players scoring a point whenever they win a rally regardless of whether they served  this differs from the old system where players could only win a point on their serve and each game was played to 15 points.
A match is the best of three games. If the score reaches all, then the game continues until one side gains a two-point lead such as 24—22 , except when there is a tie at all, in which the game goes to a golden point. Whoever scores this point will win. At the start of a match, the shuttlecock is cast and the side towards which the shuttlecock is pointing serves first. Alternatively, a coin may be tossed, with the winners choosing whether to serve or receive first, or choosing which end of the court to occupy first, and their opponents making the leftover the remaining choice.
In subsequent games, the winners of the previous game serve first. Matches are best out of three: a player or pair must win two games of 21 points each to win the match. For the first rally of any doubles game, the serving pair may decide who serves and the receiving pair may decide who receives. The players change ends at the start of the second game; if the match reaches a third game, they change ends both at the start of the game and when the leading player's or pair's score reaches 11 points.
If a let is called, the rally is stopped and replayed with no change to the score. Lets may occur because of some unexpected disturbance such as a shuttlecock landing on a court having been hit there by players playing in adjacent court or in small halls the shuttle may touch an overhead rail which can be classed as a let. If the receiver is not ready when the service is delivered, a let shall be called; yet, if the receiver attempts to return the shuttlecock, the receiver shall be judged to have been ready.
Badminton racquets are lightweight, with top quality racquets weighing between 70 and 95 grams 2. Carbon fibre has an excellent strength to weight ratio, is stiff, and gives excellent kinetic energy transfer. Before the adoption of carbon fibre composite, racquets were made of light metals such as aluminium.
Earlier still, racquets were made of wood. Cheap racquets are still often made of metals such as steel, but wooden racquets are no longer manufactured for the ordinary market, because of their excessive mass and cost. Nowadays, nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes and fullerene are added to racquets giving them greater durability.
There is a wide variety of racquet designs, although the laws limit the racquet size and shape. Different racquets have playing characteristics that appeal to different players. The traditional oval head shape is still available, but an isometric head shape is increasingly common in new racquets.
Badminton strings for racquets are thin, high performing strings with thicknesses ranging from about 0. Thicker strings are more durable, but many players prefer the feel of thinner strings. Some string manufacturers measure the thickness of their strings under tension so they are actually thicker than specified when slack.
Ashaway Micropower is actually 0. It is often argued that high string tensions improve control, whereas low string tensions increase power. This is, in fact, incorrect, for a higher string tension can cause the shuttle to slide off the racquet and hence make it harder to hit a shot accurately. An alternative view suggests that the optimum tension for power depends on the player:  the faster and more accurately a player can swing their racquet, the higher the tension for maximum power.
Neither view has been subjected to a rigorous mechanical analysis, nor is there clear evidence in favour of one or the other. The most effective way for a player to find a good string tension is to experiment. The choice of grip allows a player to increase the thickness of their racquet handle and choose a comfortable surface to hold. A player may build up the handle with one or several grips before applying the final layer.
Players may choose between a variety of grip materials. The most common choices are PU synthetic grips or towelling grips. Grip choice is a matter of personal preference. Players often find that sweat becomes a problem; in this case, a drying agent may be applied to the grip or hands, sweatbands may be used, the player may choose another grip material or change their grip more frequently.
There are two main types of grip: replacement grips and overgrips. Replacement grips are thicker and are often used to increase the size of the handle. Many players, however, prefer to use replacement grips as the final layer. Towelling grips are always replacement grips.
Replacement grips have an adhesive backing, whereas overgrips have only a small patch of adhesive at the start of the tape and must be applied under tension; overgrips are more convenient for players who change grips frequently, because they may be removed more rapidly without damaging the underlying material.
A shuttlecock often abbreviated to shuttle ; also called a birdie is a high-drag projectile , with an open conical shape : the cone is formed from sixteen overlapping feathers embedded into a rounded cork base.
The cork is covered with thin leather or synthetic material. Synthetic shuttles are often used by recreational players to reduce their costs as feathered shuttles break easily. These nylon shuttles may be constructed with either natural cork or synthetic foam base and a plastic skirt. The shuttlecock shall be hit at an upward angle and in a direction parallel to the sidelines.
Serve badminton rule book pdf
In this post, I will clearly explain the most important rules of table tennis and in doing so, put an end to the countless arguments occur each day across the globe. If you are a casual player or a beginner, this post will attempt to expose any and all of the mythical, made-up table tennis rules that crop up on tables the world over. I will also provide a brief bullet point summary of the basic rules of table tennis. I recently attempted an umpiring exam paper and despite having been playing table tennis for over 10 years… I failed. Here are a few you might hear and why they are nonsense.
Badminton: How to play, rules, and all you need to know
Badminton appeared in Asia and Europe more than years ago Tan et al. Badminton is a racket sport played by two or four players on a rectangular court Lees, ; Tan et al. It should be noted, however, that most current studies relate to indoor badminton games and for this reason it is hard to find studies that analyze technical and timing characteristics in outdoor badminton.
About Map Blog Contact. Hi Samuel, thanks for your question. You should do fine if you've played the game a bit. If you are a badminton player, you know that the server must hit in an upward direction, with an underarm hitting action.
Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" with one player per side and "doubles" with two players per side.
What is a badminton court’s dimensions?
Find out more about the racket sport which has featured at the Summer Olympics since Badminton is set to be one of the big draws at Tokyo with two-time defending world champion Kento Momota hoping to win Japan's second Olympic title in the sport. Chen Long and Carolina Marin will defend their singles titles in Japan with golds also up for grabs in men's doubles, women's doubles and mixed doubles. While badminton is most popular in Asia, it also attracts great interest in Europe with players from Denmark among those regularly challenging for top honours. Want to learn more about badminton? All singles and doubles matches are the best-of-three games. The first side to 21 points wins a game.
А метод грубой силы? - предложил Бринкерхофф. - Можно ли с его помощью найти ключ. Джабба всплеснул руками. - Ради всего святого.
Подойдя поближе, она увидела, что в руке Хейла зажат какой-то предмет, посверкивавший в свете мониторов. Сьюзан сделала еще несколько шагов и вдруг поняла, что это за предмет. В руке Хейл сжимал беретту. Вскрикнув, она оторвала взгляд от неестественно выгнутой руки и посмотрела ему в лицо.
Произведя его на свет, она умерла из-за осложнений, вызванных радиационным поражением, от которого страдала многие годы. В 1945 году, когда Энсей еще не родился, его мать вместе с другими добровольцами поехала в Хиросиму, где работала в одном из ожоговых центров. Там она и стала тем, кого японцы именуют хибакуся - человеком, подвергшимся облучению. Через девятнадцать лет, в возрасте тридцати шести лет, она лежала в родильном отделении больницы, страдая от внутреннего кровотечения, и знала, что умирает.
Ничего не трогайте. Ничего не читайте. - Энсей Танкадо… родился в январе… - Пожалуйста, - вежливо сказал Беккер.