Powers And Functions Of President In India Pdf
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- President of India – Discretionary Powers You Never Knew Existed!
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- The Prime Minister of India:Power and Functions
President of India – Discretionary Powers You Never Knew Existed!
There is no special process for the election of the Prime Minister in the Constitution of India. Article 75 only says that India shall have a Prime Minister whose appointment shall be made by the President. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister. The main functions of Prime Minister related to the Council of Ministers are as follows:. The Prime Minister recommends the names of members of his team to appoint as a Minister.
Powers and Duties of the Chairman, as laid down by the Constitution of India. As the Presiding Officer, the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha is the unchallenged guardian of the prestige and dignity of the House. He is also the principal spokesman of the House and represents the collective voice to the outside world. He ensures that the proceedings of the House are conducted in accordance with the relevant constitutional provisions, rules, practices and conventions and that decorum is maintained in the House. He is the custodian and guardian of the rights and privileges of the House and its members.
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The President is elected by members of an electoral college consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states in accordance with the system of proportional representation, by means of single transferable vote. To secure uniformity among state inter se, as well as parity between the states as a whole, and the Union, suitable weightage is given to each vote. The President must be a citizen of India, not less than 35 years of age, and qualified for election as member of the Lok Sabha. His term of office is five years, and he is eligible for re-election. His removal from office is to be in accordance with procedure prescribed in Article 61 of the Constitution.
Indian President is not a ceremonial head, unlike many other countries. All important decisions regarding the country are taken in the name of Indian President, though most of these will be based on the binding advice given by Council of Ministers CoM , as per Article 74 of Indian Constitution. But there are certain exceptions, where he can use his discretionary powers. The discretionary powers of the Indian president are not explicitly mentioned in the Indian constitution. But cases, where the Indian President do not act on the advice of CoM, can be understood if one carefully read the provisions related to the Indian President.
The primary duty of the President is to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law of India as made part of his oath (Article 60 of Indian constitution).
The Prime Minister of India:Power and Functions
The President of India is the executive head of India. He is the supreme command of the defence forces of India and the ceremonial head of the country and also called the first citizen of India. The President is elected indirectly by Electoral College in both houses of Parliament and the legislative assembly of each State and territory of India, who themselves are directly chosen by the people of India. It means we choose the President indirectly.
Once the President has assented to the proposed course of action, the files go back to the concerned Ministries. Proactive Disclosure RTI. The RTI Act , provides that if any information sought by any person is held by or is primarily the function of another public authority such applications will be transferred to that other public authority.
The President’s Secretariat
Separation of powers is a model that divides the government into separate branches, each of which has separate and independent powers. By having multiple branches of government , this system helps to ensure that no one branch is more powerful than another. Typically, this system divides the government into three branches: the Legislative Branch, the Executive Branch, and the Judicial Branch. The United States federal government and forty states divide their governments into these three branches. Congress, in addition to other enumerated responsibilities, is responsible for creating laws. As a general rule, the nondelegation doctrine prohibits the Legislative Branch from delegating its lawmaking responsibilities. The President approves and carries out the laws created by the Legislative Branch.
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Послышались гудки. Беккер разглядывал зал.
Затем он быстро побежит в заднюю часть собора, словно бы за помощью, и в возникшей неразберихе исчезнет прежде, чем люди поймут, что произошло. Пять человек. Четверо. Всего трое.