Definition Diagnosis And Classification Of Diabetes Mellitus And Its Complications Pdf
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Given the numbers for diabetes mellitus DM in general and diabetes mellitus type 2 DM2 in particular the more frequently occurring form , diabetes is a health and socioeconomic problem of the first magnitude.
- Report of the Committee on the classification and diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus
- Updates of Diabetes Mellitus: A Concern for Public Health
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Report of the Committee on the classification and diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus
This recommendation aims to provide up-to-date information and the latest consensus on diabetes diagnosis from a group of experts in Germany. The disease diabetes mellitus is classified and its different types are described briefly. Options for diagnosis are presented including current cut-off values as well as reference intervals to recognize glucose utilization disorders like impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. Special attention is paid to the measurement value imprecision. The minimal difference MD is introduced as an excellent measure to distinguish measurement results which are analytically different from each other. Potential caveats considering pre-analytics in glucose measurement and limitations of HbA 1c assessment for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus are presented. Taken together, this recommendation provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in diabetes mellitus diagnosis and also critically evaluates potential pitfalls.
Updates of Diabetes Mellitus: A Concern for Public Health
P, India. J Res Diabetes Metab. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Keywords: Diabetes mellitus; Hyperglycemia; Noncommunicable disease; Global health. Diabetes mellitus is increasingly becoming a prime chronic threat and burden around the globe. This requires a transformation in healthcare priorities in epidemiology and impact of this disease in all regions to aware populations about the reactions of hyperglycemia and induced complications to decrease prevalence rate.
Diabetes mellitus DM , commonly known as diabetes , is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin , or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. Type 1 diabetes must be managed with insulin injections. The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are unintended weight loss , polyuria increased urination , polydipsia increased thirst , and polyphagia increased hunger. Several other signs and symptoms can mark the onset of diabetes although they are not specific to the disease.
Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases associated with various metabolic disorders, the main feature of which is chronic hyperglycemia due to insufficient insulin action. Its pathogenesis involves both genetic and environmental factors. The long-term persistence of metabolic disorders can cause susceptibility to specific complications and also foster arteriosclerosis. Diabetes mellitus is associated with a broad range of clinical presentations, from being asymptomatic to ketoacidosis or coma, depending on the degree of metabolic disorder. The classification of glucose metabolism disorders is principally derived from etiology, and includes staging of pathophysiology based on the degree of deficiency of insulin action.
Western countries are experiencing an explosion in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes T2DM linked to increasing obesity and a steady year on year rise in the incidence of type 1 diabetes T1DM in children. However, for reasons that are not currently understood, the situation in Sub-Saharan Africa is less clear. Many factors contribute to this. Problems reported in other African countries include:.
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common diagnoses made by family physicians. Am I destined for a heart attack? The basis of the abnormalities in carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism in diabetes is deficient action of insulin on target tissues.
As a species, we humans have been living with diabetes for a very long time. A possible description of Type 1 DM T1DM was documented by Egyptians about three millennia ago, highlighting the symptoms of emaciation, thirst and frequent urination. The system used four age-band categories to organize children, teens and young adults, young to middle-aged adults and the elderly with DM.