Air Prevention And Control Of Pollution Act 1981 Notes Pdf

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air prevention and control of pollution act 1981 notes pdf

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It was established in under the Water Prevention and Control of pollution Act, It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment Protection Act, It Co-ordinates the activities of the State Pollution Control Boards by providing technical assistance and guidance and also resolves disputes among them.

In light of recent alarming trends in air quality of India, I felt that it is a good idea to revisit one of the most important environmental legislation to have come into effect in India, and to see what the government had in mind when it came out with this Act.

Summary on Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act (1981) of India

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Himanshu Garg. Singh Mohan. Venkateswarao Islavath. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. No notes for slide. Constitution of State Boards Sec. In any State in which the Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 6 of , is not in force, or that Act is in force but the State Government has not constituted a State Board for the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution under that Act, the State Government shall, with effect from such date as it may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, constitute a State Board for the Prevention and Control of Air Pollution under such name as may be specified in the notification, to exercise the powers conferred on, and perform the functions assigned to, that Board under this Act.

A State Board constituted under this Act shall be nominated by the State govt. Every State Board constituted under this Act shall be a body corporate with the name specified by the State Government in the notification issued under sub-section 1 , having perpetual succession and a common seal with power, subject to the provisions of this Act, to acquire and dispose of property and to contract, and may by the said name sue or be sued.

Central Board to exercise the powers and perform die functions of a State Board in the Union territories Sec. Terms and conditions of service of members sec. Disqualifications sec. Provided that no order of removal shall be made by the State Government under this section unless the member concerned has been given a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the same.

Functions of Central Board sec. Functions of State Board sec. Powers of the Central Government and State Government sec. The state board of Karnataka exempted industrial plants in its resolution purportedly on the directions of the state government.

The high court of Karnataka quashed the resolution. Muniswamy Gowda v. State of Karnataka, 3 Kant. J, at P. Power to declare air pollution control areas sec.

Such area can be added, deleted or altered by notification. State Govt. It can also ordered that: a Only approved fuel should be used in that area b Only approved appliance be used for burning of any fuel or for generating or consuming any fume, gas or particular matter.

Power to give instructions for ensuring standards for emission from automobiles sec. Mehta v. Union of India, 3 B. Restrictions on use of certain industrial plants sec. Application should be in prescribed form, accompanied by necessary fees. A person already operating industry in control area, has to apply for the permission with the necessary fees to the state board within 3 months. After making necessary inquiries, the court may grant the consent subject to certain conditions or the consent may be refused.

The consent can be subject to conditions. Such permission or refusal within 4 months. The State board can cancel this consent, if the person fails to fulfill the conditions, only after giving the opportunities of being heard. Responsibility of the persons sec. Responsibility of the State Board sec. It is the responsibility of the state board that it should not permit to be discharged any environmental pollutants in excess of the standards specified in schedule 1 to schedule VI of The EP Rules, Responsibility of the person whom consent has been granted sec.

Monitoring by the State Board sec. Contribution by Central Government sec. Borrowing powers of Board sec. Annual report sec. Accounts and audit sec. Penalties for non compliance sec. Penalty for contravention of provisions of this Act sec. Cognizance of offences sec. Bar of jurisdiction sec. Hence, even if it is possible to have two opinions on the construction of the provisions of the Act, the one which advances the object of the Act and is in favor of the people at large for whose benefit the Act is Passed, has to be accepted.

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All about Air (Prevention And Control Of Pollution) Act, 1981 By: Nidhi Garg

She is currently interning with LatestLaws. Of the 3 million premature deaths in the world that occur each year due to outdoor and indoor air pollution, the highest numbers are assessed to occur in India. According to the World Health Organization, the capital city New Delhi is one of the top most polluted cities in the world. Surveys indicate that in New Delhi the incidence of respiratory disease due to air pollution is about 12 times the national average. The act provides for the prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.

The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Rules, 1. Short title and commencement. Definitions 3. Salaries, allowances and other conditions of service of the Chairman. Terms and conditions of service of Members of the Board.

It is also a comprehensive legislation with more than fifty sections. It makes provisions, interalia, for Central and State Boards, power to declare pollution control areas, restrictions on certain industrial units, authority of the Boards to limit emission of air pollutants, power of entry, inspection, taking samples and analysis, penalties, offences by companies and Government and cognizance of offences etc.. The Act specifically empowers State Government to designate air pollution areas and to prescribe the type of fuel to be used in these designated areas.

An Overview of the Air (Prevention and Control of Air Pollution) Act 1981

Central Pollution Control Board

India participated in the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm in June to take appropriate steps for the preservation of the natural resources of the earth which, among other things, include the preservation of the quality of air and control of air pollution. Based on the concluding guidelines of this conference, the Air Act was formulated by the government of India in This is an Act to provide for the prevention and control and abatement of air pollution through various management guidelines and restrictions. One of the prime objectives of this act is carrying out the purposes mentioned above by assigning a set of responsibilities, powers, and functions to the Boards for the prevention and control of air pollution. The act was introduced and incorporated into the Constitution of India in laying down guidelines for the preservation of the quality of air and control of air pollution. There are a set of terms and conditions regarding the services of the members of the boards under the Water Act.

This article explores a brief history of the Air Prevention and Control of Air Pollution Act and the reason for its introduction. It explores the provisions for the setting up of Boards for pollution control and regulation, along with looking at some case studies regarding clean air. Many of us must be aware of the plight of Delhi residents in the winter.


Power to declare air pollution control areas. Power to give instructions for ensuring standards for emission from automobiles. Restrictions on use of certain.


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