Civil Engineering Contracts Practice And Procedure Pdf
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- Python For Civil Engineers Pdf
- Construction Contracts by Edward Whitticks
- Pdf Civil Engineering Contracts. Practice And Procedure 1989
Construction management CM is a professional service that uses specialized, project management techniques to oversee the planning, design, and construction of a project, from its beginning to its end.
Python For Civil Engineers Pdf
It is considered that the findings will be of interest to project managers for larger and complex engineering and construction projects in any country. Copies of this dissertation, either in full or in extracts and whether in hard or electronic copy, may be made only in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act as amended and regulations issued under it or, where appropriate, in accordance with licensing agreements which the University has entered into.
This page must form part of any such copies made. The ownership of certain Copyright, patents, designs, trademarks and other intellectual property the "Intellectual Property" and any reproductions of copyright works in the dissertation, for example graphs and tables "Reproductions" , which may be described in this dissertation, may not be owned by the author and may be owned by third parties. I would also like to thank my family and all my friends who were helpful in completing this dissertation by motivating me and supporting me whenever I needed them.
For these developments to take place it requires more than just one field in operation. For instance, in a construction process there are so many groups of entrepreneurs involved like suppliers, buyers and builders.
The relationships among these parties are maintained by forming contract. A contract is a legal agreement made between two or more parties for a delivery of certain services in return for money or any other value.
In past, promises were made in place of contract where in several disputes arose; due to which the legal entities are made in modern times. The study taken into consideration here belongs to the construction industry sector however there may also be certain sections relating to other industrial sectors.
This shall be due to the fact that the latest trend in carrying out any project entails integration of various engineering sectors.
In a civil engineering construction contracts the Contractor obligates to carry out works of construction and other ancillary obligations. Majority of the civil engineering works are performed under the contract which requires the Contractor to finish the work and the Client to pay for it.
The main functions of a contract are:1 To specify the work to be done,2 The amount to be paid,3 To assign responsibility to the concerned parties to finish the work and 4 Decide who takes charge for the unexpected events if they occur.
Based on these, there are different types of contracts used in the construction industry; this research is focussed to explore them. A proper contract makes a good business sense and provides motivation to encourage highquality Contractor performance. In this research the author helps to develop and implement an effective procurement strategy for a given situation. He proposes to analyse the best practise process for the management of contracts and the supply chain and its management techniques to achieve maximum value at minimum cost.
The comparing of the New Engineering Contract with the Traditional contracts are focussed to help choosing the best type of contract and compensation terms which results in both the Contractor and the Client satisfaction. The study will also be examining the various risk management techniques involved in procurement or contracting strategies.
This research is aimed at personnel at all levels who are responsible and involved in the procurement process. This refers mainly to the Organisations or the Clients who are on the verge of pursuing an engineering project and Contractors intending to catch the Employer's attention. The study will also be helpful to other parties such as, project management representatives employed by the Client for signing lucrative deals by examining the results.
The civil engineering contracts existing within a procurement and legal environment may affect them in their interpretation and operation. The study may not necessarily be effective to all the problems in contracting world.
The research work for this study is limited to a set of peer reviewed journal articles and interpretation and conclusion will revolve around the paper works only. Due to the time constraints no site works are done and no construction professionals are to be approached. A project can be any new structure, plant, process, system or software, large or small, or replacement, refurbishing, renewal or removal of an existing one. It is a one-off investment.
ProgrammeA programme of projects means a set of related projects. A project programme means a list of activities for a project showing the dates for starting and finishing them.
It is also called a Schedule. Project ManagementProject management is the planning, organisation, monitoring, and control of all aspects of a project and the motivation of all involved to achieve project objectives safely and within a defined time, cost and performance.
His role within the ECC is to manage the contract for the Employer with the intention of achieving the Employer's objectives for the completed project". The Contractor is the one responsible for day-to-day oversight of a construction site, management of trades and vendors, and communication of information to involved parties throughout the course of a construction project. Contract StrategyContract terms should be designed to motivate all parties to try to achieve the objectives of the project and to provide a basis for project management.
Cost and PriceCost is "the cost directly attributable to completion of an element of work, including direct overheads, for example -supervision" Smith, Smith defines Price as "the charge for completing an element of work; it is the cost plus allowances for general overheads, insurances, taxes, finance i. Conditions of contractThe conditions of contract are defined as "sets of terms which state the general responsibilities, risks and liabilities of the parties to the contract and establish procedures between them, including terms of payment" Smith, The structure of each forms of contracts along with their applications are discussed.
Chapter 2 reveals the methods, procedures and processes that were used to accomplish the aims and objectives of this research. It showcases the methodology for the selection of resources and the reason behind the author's choice. The data collection methods applied by the author for selection of the resources are mentioned. Chapter 3 reviews the importance of contract strategy into the construction industry. It explains the need for introducing the project management into the contract strategies.
The roles played by the Client and Project Manager are depicted and their impacts are analysed. Chapter 4 provides an outline of the various procurement strategies used in the construction industry.
It offers background information of the Client's choice of procurement for various situations and the terms of payment involved in the contract. Chapter 5 other key findings achieved en route to meeting the objectives.
This section describes various procedures followed and the selection criteria of the author in choosing the sources. The different key words used along with their application in online search engines are listed in this chapter.
The search was conducted to extract the study materials used for the topic Contract Strategy for Construction Projects in the course Management of Projects. There are several journal articles selected for the purpose of conducting this research. The author's interest in the field of study played a major role in the selection. The search strategies applied to find the relevant articles are given below.
The supervisor assisted in outlining the key concepts for the topic. Further with the help of the topic brief manual, the key words for the study were drawn out. The following are the Key-Words around which the search was based.
The journal articles and thesis present in the university library were also explored for discovering any related articles. The following tools were useful in conducting the search and detecting the relevant sources for the study. By accessing the above tools several papers were found in relation to the keywords search applied.
However the majority of sources selected were books written by the project management theorists. The selected books and other articles were produced to the supervisor and with his acceptance and guidance the research was moved forward. The uniqueness of the project structures also makes a stand out point in the selection of the respective source articles. Although the projects taken into consideration belong to the construction sector, there may also be certain sections relating to other industrial sectors.
This is done due to the fact that the latest trend in carrying out any project entails integration of various engineering sectors. The case studies reflect the change in trend of the contract strategies in a considerable period of time. Great efforts were made to select the projects and acquire their sources.
The selected Journals not only emphasis about the contract strategies applied but they also consider several project management aspects involved in the Project Life Cycle of constructing a mega structure. All the projects reviewed in the articles are of massive value and considered as most challenging projects in the world. The list of different journal names and the methods applied to find the related articles were explained. Finally the work was started with the aim of learning important lessons in the field of project management by reviewing the articles.
The usage of sources acquired can be seen in the upcoming chapters. The author discusses about the contract strategy and their effective application in construction field with the help of different author's comments. A contract impresses upon the parties the solemnity of the occasion. It requires the parties to seriously consider the effects of performance and non-performance upon themselves.
He defines 'The Client' as "The party ordering goods" and 'Contractor' as The contracts used by the Client can be of different types and different strategies.
He says that different contract strategy must be applied for every project. The author feels that this definition is vague in nature and does not fully outcast the nature of the contract strategy. There is a lot clearer statement when compared to the above one stated by Perry , who goes by saying that: "The organisational and contractual policies which are chosen for the execution of a specific project".
Though it can be considered as the better one when compared with its predecessor the author still feels awkward to move forward with the available concepts. Both the definitions do not adequately explain the features of the contract strategies. However there is a definition provided by Procurement Guide: Procurement and contract strategies in Procurement and contract strategies achieving excellence in construction procurement guide.
The definition states that "The contract strategy determines the level of integration of design, construction and on-going maintenance for a given project and should support the main project objectives in terms of risk allocation, delivery, and incentivisation and so on".
The author feels this is by far the best definition available about the contract strategy. This version of the definition proves to be more descriptive, the organisation structure provided in the book explains well about the strategy adopted and its significance with the level of integration of design and construction for a given project. Accessing a good definition for a contract strategy is necessary since it would help in developing and implementing a highly effective procurement strategy and plan for an organisation which would reduce overall cost of purchasing along with a better supply chain management.
A contract strategy is important as it impacts in the progress of the project through a right direction, when a good strategy is applied it improves the supply management in order to deliver maximum value at minimum cost, and how to develop and implement a best-practice process for the management of contracts.
Construction Contracts by Edward Whitticks
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Pdf Civil Engineering Contracts. Practice And Procedure 1989
Buy this book in print. Civil Engineering Procedure, Eighth edition is an indispensable guide which describes and explains the stages of work for a project from first consideration through to completion of construction and then beyond to handing over the resulting structures and services for use. As in previous editions, the book provides clear explanations of a broad range of project and contract management principles and practice, and it is a valuable source of information on fundamental concepts. This eighth edition contains updates throughout the book, including coverage of recent initiatives to improve project and programme delivery, the latest updates to the NEC contracts, and additional case studies that provide insights into real-world practice.