Difference Between Cat5 And Cat6 Cable In Networking Pdf

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difference between cat5 and cat6 cable in networking pdf

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Difference between Cat5 and Cat6 cable

It was defined in Category 8 is the next network cabling offering to be backward compatible. The cable must not be kinked or bent too tightly; the bend radius should be larger than four times the outer diameter of the cable. Cable shielding may be required in order to avoid data corruption in high electromagnetic interference EMI environments. Shielding is typically maintained from one cable end to the other using a drain wire that runs through the cable alongside the twisted pairs. The shield's electrical connection to the chassis on each end is made through the jacks.

This constantly evolving ecosystem has given birth to the digital era which keeps on updating, so does everything along with it. Cat5 and Cat6 are by far the most efficient and faster cabling systems used for networking around the world. Cat5 and Cat6 are standardized twisted pair cables used for Ethernet and other networking installations. While more advanced wireless devices continue to proliferate in this technology-focused digital era, wires have always been the backbone of any networking system that requires large-scale data communication. In order to keep up with the constantly evolving networking ecosystem for faster and efficient data communication, more appropriate cabling is required.

Each Ethernet network cabling designation essentially represents an improvement over its predecessor. For example, Category 5e Cat5 Enhanced offers better performance over Cat5. Typically, each version offers better shielding and faster data transfer rate than the previous version. The number of twists differ between each category of cables and typically, the higher the category, the more twists there are. The specification for each category is defined by the IEEE

Category 6 cable

Cat6 cables are usually a better choice than Cat5e, in that technologically moving forward they are more suited to handle faster connection speeds and are worth their slight difference in price. Both cat5E and Cat6 cables are backwards compatible, meaning cat6 cables can be used in conjunction with Cat5, Cat5E, and even older Cat3 cables and equipment. Cat5E and Cat6 cables both typically use 4 twisted pairs in each cable, and incorporate copper wires. Cat6 cables have more stringent specifications for reduced crosstalk and system noise. Cat6 cables provide performance speeds up to MHz. Cat5 cables in contrast, only provide speeds up to MHz. A longitudinal separator or spline was incorporated into the Cat6 design, isolating each of the four pairs of twisted wire.


Category 6 cable, commonly referred to as CAT 6, is a cable standard for Gigabit Ethernet and other network protocols that is backward compatible with the CAT 5/​.


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This local environment connects multiple devices to retrieve and share information from multiple users at different locations. The Local Environment is nothing but the local area network. So how the Data is getting transmitted? The Ethernet uses the wired communication cables to transfer the information within the local environment.

Cat5 vs Cat6 Cable

Table of Content

There are more than six different types of UTP categories and, depending on what you want to achieve, you would need the appropriate type of cable. CAT5E is the most popular UTP cable, it came to replace the well known coaxial cable which was not able to keep up with the continuous growth for faster and more reliable tele and data communication networks. Shielded Twister Pair STP cables have additional shielding material that is used to reduce external interference. The shield also reduces the emission at any point in the path of the cable. UTP cables provide much less protection against such interference and the performance is often degraded when interferences or disturbances are present. Both types of cables, however, have some protection to interference due to the twisted pair design of the conductors. The drawback of STP cable is that it will increase the total cost of an installation.

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Category 5 cable

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