Open Coding Axial Coding And Selective Coding Pdf

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Axial coding is the breaking down of core themes during qualitative data analysis. Axial coding in grounded theory is the process of relating codes categories and concepts to each other, via a combination of inductive and deductive thinking. As Kelle underlines, the implicit or explicit theoretical framework necessary to identify categories in empirical data is derived, in the procedures explicated by Strauss and Corbin , from a "general model of action rooted in pragmatist and interactionist social theory" Kelle, , para. This model or theoretical framework underlines the importance of "analysing and modelling action and interaction strategies of the actors" para.

How To Do Open, Axial and Selective Coding in Grounded Theory

Show all documents Identifying and explaining the dimensions of teacher talent management using the Grounded theory Analysis of the data of this study is based on Strauss and Corbin instructions. This method consists of three main phases of open coding , axial coding and selective coding. In the first phase, using open coding , by referring to the primary codes extracted from Interviews coding of key points , codes referring to a common topic have been grouped. After the extraction of concepts, by comparing and clas- sifying them, categories were determined. In the second phase of coding , in order to link the main cate- gories to the sub categories, a paradigm pattern is used to identify the causal conditions, the phenomenal axis, the underlying factors, the interventionist variables, the strategies and the consequences that are the axial components of coding. Then, through a selective coding and based on the identified communication pattern between categories and subcategories in open and axial coding , the categories were linked and the related theoretical system was presented.

Jump to navigation. Open coding is an inductive, analytical procedure that performs two basic tasks: it makes comparisons and it asks questions. Open coding is the systematic process of sorting through the data, categorizing events and concepts by their properties and dimensional range. These some categories are, during reflective axial coding related to each other to see how they interplay. The complexity of categories generated during open coding creates a maze not easily decipherable. The point of this exercise is to uncover as many relevant categories as possible and then loosely link them by their dimensions. Of course it is possible to discover thousands of possible categories and hundreds of possible relationships with even moderate data streams.

An Introduction to Grounded Theory with a Special Focus on Axial Coding and the Coding Paradigm

Discussion drawn from: Glaser and Strauss. The Discovery of Grounded Theory. Strauss and Corbin. Basics of Qualitative Research. The phrase "grounded theory" refers to theory that is developed inductively from a corpus of data. If done well, this means that the resulting theory at least fits one dataset perfectly. This contrasts with theory derived deductively from grand theory, without the help of data, and which could therefore turn out to fit no data at all.

In this chapter we introduce grounded theory methodology and methods. In particular we clarify which research questions are appropriate for a grounded theory study and give an overview of the main techniques and procedures, such as the coding procedures, theoretical sensitivity, theoretical sampling, and theoretical saturation. We further discuss the role of theory within grounded theory and provide examples of studies in which the coding paradigm of grounded theory has been altered in order to be better suitable for applications in mathematics education. In our exposition we mainly refer to grounded theory techniques and procedures according to Strauss and Corbin Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, , but also include other approaches in the discussion in order to point out the particularities of the approach by Strauss and Corbin. With their focus on theory development, they dissociate themselves from mere theory verification and the concomitant separation of the context of theory discovery and the context of theory justification, which was the prominent scientific method at that time. With their approach to qualitative research, they also go beyond the mere description of phenomena.

Open coding, axial coding, and selective coding are all steps in the grounded theory method of analyzing qualitative data. With grounded theory, you derive new theories and concepts based on data, in contrast to other methods where you start with an existing theory and see whether or not your data applies to the theory. In a nutshell, the first step of grounded theory is open coding , when you take your textual data and break it up into discrete parts, axial coding is when you draw connections between your codes, and selective coding is when you select one central category that connects all the codes from your analysis and captures the essence of your research. Keep reading to get a more in-depth, step by step look at how to utilize these coding methods in practice. Open coding is a common first step in the analysis of your qualitative research and is often used as the initial coding pass in Grounded Theory. At this point, you will have started collecting qualitative data, such as transcriptions from interviews.

Grounded theories of management: a methodological review

July 22, by Tiffany Gallicano. One of the challenges of understanding the grounded theory approach to data analysis results from the abstract nature of the explanation:. What are the connections among the codes?

Skip to Main Content. A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions. Building an inductive theory of collaboration in virtual teams: an adapted grounded theory approach Abstract: We outline how the grounded theory methodology Strauss and Corbin, version was adapted to develop a theory of collaboration in virtual teams.

Grounded theories of management: a methodological review

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Three phases of coding: 1. Open coding. 2. Axial coding. 3. Selective Coding. – Data coding should be objective but analytic (i.e. not only descriptive).


Tiffany Gallicano, Ph.D.

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    This article sets forth the argument that management research should take into account the complex processes of enterprise activity and the inherent contextual issues that effect managerial behaviour.